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Exploring Renewable Energy Resources Using Remote Sensing and GIS—A Review

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Faculty of Environment Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
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Department of Geography, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, New Delhi 110007, India
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Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
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Electrical and Instrumentation Engineering Department, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal, Punjab -148106, India
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Faculty of Sustainability Studies, Hosei University, 2-17-2 Fujimi Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8160, Japan
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CMCC Foundation – Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change and Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, 30175 Venice, Italy
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Advanced Systems Analysis Group, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
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State Key Laboratory of Geo-hazard Prevention and Geo-environment Protection, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China
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Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Nagaoka 940-2188, Japan
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Key Laboratory of the Coastal and Wetland Ecosystems (Xiamen University), Ministry of Education, College of the Environment and Ecology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Resources 2019, 8(3), 149; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8030149
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 9 August 2019 / Accepted: 15 August 2019 / Published: 19 August 2019
Renewable energy has received noteworthy attention during the last few decades. This is partly due to the fact that fossil fuels are depleting and the need for energy is soaring because of the growing population of the world. This paper attempts to provide an idea of what is being done by researchers in remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS) field for exploring the renewable energy resources in order to get to a more sustainable future. Several studies related to renewable energy resources viz. geothermal energy, wind energy, hydropower, biomass, and solar energy, have been considered in this paper. The focus of this review paper is on exploring how remote sensing and GIS-based techniques have been beneficial in exploring optimal locations for renewable energy resources. Several case studies from different parts of the world which use such techniques in exploring renewable energy resource sites of different kinds have also been included in this paper. Though each of the remote sensing and GIS techniques used for exploration of renewable energy resources seems to efficiently sell itself in being the most effective among others, it is important to keep in mind that in actuality, a combination of different techniques is more efficient for the task. Throughout the paper, many issues relating to the use of remote sensing and GIS for renewable energy are examined from both current and future perspectives and potential solutions are suggested. The authors believe that the conclusions and recommendations drawn from the case studies and the literature reviewed in the present study will be valuable to renewable energy scientists and policymakers. View Full-Text
Keywords: geothermal energy; wind energy; biomass; hydropower; solar energy; renewable energy resources; fossil fuel geothermal energy; wind energy; biomass; hydropower; solar energy; renewable energy resources; fossil fuel
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Avtar, R.; Sahu, N.; Aggarwal, A.K.; Chakraborty, S.; Kharrazi, A.; Yunus, A.P.; Dou, J.; Kurniawan, T.A. Exploring Renewable Energy Resources Using Remote Sensing and GIS—A Review. Resources 2019, 8, 149.

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