Next Article in Journal
The Water Footprint of European Agricultural Imports: Hotspots in the Context of Water Scarcity
Previous Article in Journal
Urban Renewable Energy on the Upswing: A Spotlight on Renewable Energy in Cities in REN21’s “Renewables 2019 Global Status Report”
Open AccessArticle

Toward Science-Based and Knowledge-Based Targets for Global Sustainable Resource Use

Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, 34117 Kassel, Germany
Resources 2019, 8(3), 140; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8030140
Received: 24 June 2019 / Revised: 23 July 2019 / Accepted: 28 July 2019 / Published: 6 August 2019
The article discusses key aspects to be considered for the orientation of sustainable resource policies. Resource management at the local scale needs to be supplemented by governmental action in order to adjust production and consumption toward acceptable levels of global resource use. What is acceptable is being informed by scientific findings on environmental degradation and relevant cause–effect relationships. However, the desired state of the environment, the tolerable level of uncertainties about environmental impacts, risks of societal conflicts, and ethical considerations all involve normative considerations. Policy decisions for sustainable global resource use must be taken on the basis of imperfect information. A wider systems perspective, longer time horizon, and broader involvement of available knowledge could provide a sufficiently valid basis to derive directionally safe targets. Possible proxy targets for global biotic and abiotic resource use, considering land, biodiversity, and water issues, are presented on a per-person basis for 2050 for further discussion and research. These values could be used to assess the resource footprints of countries with regard to sustainability, providing orientation for governments and industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: science-based targets; socio-industrial metabolism; sustainability indicators; environmental management; resource policy science-based targets; socio-industrial metabolism; sustainability indicators; environmental management; resource policy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Bringezu, S. Toward Science-Based and Knowledge-Based Targets for Global Sustainable Resource Use. Resources 2019, 8, 140.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Back to TopTop