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Resources 2019, 8(1), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8010030

Participation in Community-Based Solid Waste Management in Nkulumane Suburb, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

1
Department of Geography, Environmental Management and Energy Studies, University of Johannesburg, P.O. Box 524, Auckland Park 2006, South Africa
2
Department of Ecology and Resource Management, University of Venda, Private Bag X 5050, Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2018 / Revised: 25 January 2019 / Accepted: 28 January 2019 / Published: 31 January 2019
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Abstract

After years of conventional approaches to solid waste management (SWM), in 2009, Bulawayo City Council adopted a non-conventional approach in the form of community-based solid waste management (CBSWM). The success of a CBSWM depends on the participation of members of the public as well as private sector organisations. Yet there is no information documented about their involvement in such activities in the study area. This study provides an analysis of citizen knowledge, participation and their attitudes in SWM in Nkulumane suburb following implementation of a CBSWM project. Door-to-door surveys were undertaken in December 2017 and January 2018 during which interview-administered questionnaires were used to collect data from 375 randomly-selected households. Semi-structured interviews were also used to gather data from officials responsible for CBSWM. The study found that the CBSWM has not been successful in changing the waste disposal behaviour of citizens. It was also found that the community-based organisations (CBOs) have made no effort to implement alternative waste management practices of waste recycling and composting. Furthermore, lack of funds to improve waste infrastructure and infighting between the Environmental Management Agency (EMA) and the Bulawayo City Council have undermined the principles of CBSWM. The study concludes by suggesting strategies that could improve CBSWM in developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: solid waste management; community-based organisations; household waste; local communities; Nkulumane suburb; community participation solid waste management; community-based organisations; household waste; local communities; Nkulumane suburb; community participation
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Sinthumule, N.I.; Mkumbuzi, S.H. Participation in Community-Based Solid Waste Management in Nkulumane Suburb, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. Resources 2019, 8, 30.

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