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Resources 2019, 8(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8010013

The Potential Use of Oyster Shell Waste in New Value-Added By-Product

1
Ceramic and Composite Materials Research Group (CERMAT), Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianopolis 88040-900, SC, Brazil
2
Center for MicroElectroMechanical Systems (CMEMS), Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minho (UMinho), 4800-058 Guimarães, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 November 2018 / Revised: 12 December 2018 / Accepted: 20 December 2018 / Published: 5 January 2019
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Abstract

Calcium carbonate is one of the most used raw materials in various industries, such as construction materials, food supplement, pharmaceutics, animal feed, plastic production, and others. Calcium carbonate can derive from marine wastes, like crustaceans and bivalve’s shells. The worldwide demand for new sources of food has increased exponentially, and following that tendency, the mariculture—especially the oyster culture—has been increasingly resorting to farming techniques. In 2016, 438 billion tons of oysters were produced. The majority of the shells were unduly discarded, presenting a public health problem. This article offers a solution based on the reuse and recycling of oyster shell residues in the production region of Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. The presented solution is an oyster shell by-product developed by a local company which produces artificial stone. The main component of the artificial stone is a composite material made of oyster shells incorporated in a polymeric resin. The mechanical properties, such as its flexural strength, hardness, Weibull modulus, and fracture analysis, were held in the artificial stone. The mechanical results of the new artificial stone were compared with other natural stones, such as granite and marble, and other commercial artificial stones. This material owns suitable mechanical properties for table tops and workbenches. Using this product as an artificial stone represents an innovation in the development of a new product and adds commercial value to local waste. This product is an excellent example of a circular economy for local producers who care about the environment, and it encourages the reduction of extraction of natural stone, such as granite and marble. View Full-Text
Keywords: oyster shells; recycling; potential applications; value-added product oyster shells; recycling; potential applications; value-added product
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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H. Silva, T.; Mesquita-Guimarães, J.; Henriques, B.; Silva, F.S.; Fredel, M.C. The Potential Use of Oyster Shell Waste in New Value-Added By-Product. Resources 2019, 8, 13.

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