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Open AccessArticle

Will There Be Enough Water? A System Dynamics Model to Investigate the Effective Use of Limited Resources for Emergency Water Supply

Research Center RISK, Bundeswehr University Munich, Werner-Heisenberg-Weg 39, 85577 Neubiberg, Germany
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Academic Editor: Gregory S. Parnell
Received: 8 December 2020 / Revised: 29 December 2020 / Accepted: 1 January 2021 / Published: 8 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineering Resilient Systems)
The increased probability of occurrence of various hazards to water supply systems due to climate change requires the strengthening of their resilience through effective emergency preparedness planning. This paper introduces a method for the assessment of the resilience of water supply systems, including emergency supply measures. With 20 uniquely defined emergency situations, the technical constellations for possible impairments of the water supply are documented. The system analysis developed for each emergency situation is then used to determine and prioritise all suitable supply measures to reduce the supply deficit. Based on the data of a water utility close to Frankfurt, Germany, the developed system dynamics model was used to examine the resource utilisation for the respective emergency situations and to estimate the amount of water provided. The model allows us to scrutinize and compare emergency water supply measures as well as to identify required resources. Furthermore, the method helps us to prioritize measures as well as to make decisions when planning and providing emergency water supply (EWS). View Full-Text
Keywords: crisis; critical infrastructure; disaster; drinking water; SD; resilience; risk management; risk reduction; Vensim crisis; critical infrastructure; disaster; drinking water; SD; resilience; risk management; risk reduction; Vensim
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bross, L.; Krause, S. Will There Be Enough Water? A System Dynamics Model to Investigate the Effective Use of Limited Resources for Emergency Water Supply. Systems 2021, 9, 2. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems9010002

AMA Style

Bross L, Krause S. Will There Be Enough Water? A System Dynamics Model to Investigate the Effective Use of Limited Resources for Emergency Water Supply. Systems. 2021; 9(1):2. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems9010002

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bross, Lisa; Krause, Steffen. 2021. "Will There Be Enough Water? A System Dynamics Model to Investigate the Effective Use of Limited Resources for Emergency Water Supply" Systems 9, no. 1: 2. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems9010002

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