Next Article in Journal
A Preliminary Design-Phase Security Methodology for Cyber–Physical Systems
Previous Article in Journal
Constructing True Model-Based Requirements in SysML
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

The Theory of Knowledge Fields: A Thermodynamics Approach

UNESCO Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Business Administration, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, 010731 Bucharest, Romania
Department of Management, Business Administration and Tourism, Faculty of Economic Sciences and Public Administration, University “Stephen the Great” of Suceava, 720229 Suceava, Romania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Systems 2019, 7(2), 20;
Received: 6 March 2019 / Revised: 24 March 2019 / Accepted: 26 March 2019 / Published: 29 March 2019
PDF [1361 KB, uploaded 29 March 2019]


The emergence of knowledge economy and knowledge management revealed the need for reconsidering the concept of knowledge in a larger framework than that created by philosophers from ancient times. While the epistemology as a theory of knowledge and justification considers knowledge as a justified true belief, experts in knowledge management consider knowledge as a strategic resource. The new economic interpretation of knowledge as a strategic resource and a key contributor to achieving a competitive advantage generated a search of new metaphors to supply the attributes needed in constructing the new framework of understanding and operating with a working concept of knowledge in management. The most widespread knowledge metaphors are based on analogies with stocks, flows, and stock-and-flows. These metaphors induce, beyond some useful attributes, the Newtonian mechanics paradigm which is limited by the properties of linear spaces and reversible processes. The purpose of this paper is to show how we can enrich the theory of knowledge by introducing the concepts of knowledge fields and knowledge dynamics based on metaphorical thinking and the thermodynamics principles. The focus of our research is the energy metaphor which considers energy as a source semantic field. The main outcome of the present research is that knowledge can be considered as a field, which is manifesting in different forms like energy. This thermodynamics framework opens new directions for research in knowledge management, decision-making and leadership. View Full-Text
Keywords: knowledge management; knowledge metaphors; knowledge fields; knowledge dynamics; thermodynamics knowledge management; knowledge metaphors; knowledge fields; knowledge dynamics; thermodynamics

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bratianu, C.; Bejinaru, R. The Theory of Knowledge Fields: A Thermodynamics Approach. Systems 2019, 7, 20.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Systems EISSN 2079-8954 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top