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Systems 2017, 5(3), 44;

A Systems-Based Framework for Design and Analysis of an R and D Structure

National Centers for System of Systems Engineering, Engineering Management and Systems Engineering, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
Engineering and Technology Management, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 April 2017 / Revised: 19 June 2017 / Accepted: 26 June 2017 / Published: 29 June 2017
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A critical challenge for managerial effectiveness and competitive advantage in research and development (R and D) organizations is developing an appropriate structural configuration. However, in finding an appropriate structural configuration, R and D managers are faced with unprecedented levels of uncertainty, ambiguity, and accelerating complexity, coupled with demands for increased productivity. This paper develops a systems-based framework to support rigorous design, analysis, and transformation of the structure for R and D organizations. The framework development includes: (1) a review of the literature for the nature and role of the structure in R and D management; (2) setting of the R and D structure problem from a systems perspective; (3) establishing a systems view of R and D structure; (4) articulation of a systems-based framework for R and D structure drawing on management cybernetics and systems theory; and (5) an application of the framework to design the structure for a multidisciplinary R and D center. The paper concludes with implications and utility of the framework for practicing R and D managers challenged with structuring an R and D organization. View Full-Text
Keywords: complexity theory; risk analysis; research and development; management complexity theory; risk analysis; research and development; management

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Katina, P.F.; Keating, C.B.; Magpili, L.M. A Systems-Based Framework for Design and Analysis of an R and D Structure. Systems 2017, 5, 44.

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