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A Systems Engineering Methodology for Designing and Planning the Built Environment—Results from the Urban Research Laboratory Nuremberg and Their Integration in Education

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Center for Urban Ecology and Climate Change Adaptation, Technische Universität München, Munich 80333, Germany
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Center for Sustainable Building, Technische Universität München, Munich 80333, Germany
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Energy-Efficient and Sustainable Planning and Building, Technische Universität München, Munich 80333, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Systems 2014, 2(2), 137-158; https://doi.org/10.3390/systems2020137
Received: 6 November 2013 / Revised: 21 March 2014 / Accepted: 1 April 2014 / Published: 16 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Systems Education for a Sustainable Planet)
Sustainable urban development requires a long-term sector-integrative approach. This paper proposes a method of system analysis and partial simulation for urban structures for this purpose. It couples a discussion-based holistic approach for systems analysis and modelling of urban structures with quantitative modelling and simulation of partial scenarios that serve to examine specific questions regarding the long-term development of urban structures. In the first part, the application in the City Lab Nuremberg West, a multidisciplinary urban research laboratory, serves to develop the methodology and its illustration. The main objective is to examine the transition of the existing underperforming quarter to a sustainable and livable urban environment. Scenario-based experiments with respect to development paths determine robustness and risks of different configurations. The second part of the paper describes the transfer of the methodology to education. The approach serves to teach students in the Energy-Efficient and Sustainable Building master course program an integrative way of planning a sustainable built environment. The definition of educational objectives concerning the students’ understanding and management of systemic interdependencies of sustainability help assess the use of the method in the classroom. The aim is to provide them with the competence to develop strategies for complex situations while planning a sustainable built environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: systems engineering; systems modelling; urban planning; long-term urban development strategies; integrative design and modelling for sustainability; research oriented teaching systems engineering; systems modelling; urban planning; long-term urban development strategies; integrative design and modelling for sustainability; research oriented teaching
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Geyer, P.; Stopper, J.; Lang, W.; Thumfart, M. A Systems Engineering Methodology for Designing and Planning the Built Environment—Results from the Urban Research Laboratory Nuremberg and Their Integration in Education. Systems 2014, 2, 137-158.

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