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Coatings 2019, 9(3), 172;

Effect of Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles on Glycerol-Plasticized Anionic and Cationic Polysaccharide Edible Films

Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples “Federico II”, 80126 Naples, Italy
Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, An-Najah National University, P.O. Box: 7 Nablus, Palestine
Analysis, Poison control and Calibration Center (APCC), An-Najah National University, P.O. Box 7 Nablus, Palestine
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 80138 Naples, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 February 2019 / Revised: 1 March 2019 / Accepted: 2 March 2019 / Published: 5 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coatings and Interfacial Films for Food Applications)
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This study describes the production of reinforced polysaccharide (PS)-based films, by adding mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs), to either pectin (PEC) or chitosan (CH) film forming solutions, either containing glycerol (GLY) as a plasticizer, or not. Film characterization demonstrated that MSNs and GLY were able to significantly increase the plasticity of both PS-based biomaterials and that the interactions between PSs and nanoparticles were mainly due to hydrogen bonds. Moreover, MSN-containing films were less transparent, compared to controls prepared with either PEC or CH, in the absence of GLY, while all films containing MSNs, but obtained with the plasticizer, were as transparent as the films prepared with PEC or CH alone. MSN addition did not influence the thickness of the PEC-based films, but increased that of CH-based ones, prepared both in the absence and presence of GLY. MSN-containing PEC-based films possessed a more compact and homogeneous morphology, with respect to both control films, prepared, with or without GLY, and to the CH-based films, containing MSNs, the structure of which showed numerous agglomerations. Finally, moisture content and uptake were reduced, in all films prepared in the presence of MSNs. The suggested addition of MSNs might have given rise to novel biomaterials for food or pharmaceutical applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: chitosan; pectin; silica nanoparticles; edible films; glycerol chitosan; pectin; silica nanoparticles; edible films; glycerol

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Giosafatto, C.V.L.; Sabbah, M.; Al-Asmar, A.; Esposito, M.; Sanchez, A.; Villalonga Santana, R.; Cammarota, M.; Mariniello, L.; Di Pierro, P.; Porta, R. Effect of Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles on Glycerol-Plasticized Anionic and Cationic Polysaccharide Edible Films. Coatings 2019, 9, 172.

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