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Article

POSS-Containing Polymethacrylates on Cellulose-Based Substrates: Immobilization and Ceramic Formation

1
Ernst-Berl Institute of Technical and Macromolecular Chemistry, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Alarich-Weiss-Straße 4, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
2
Eduard-Zintl Institute of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Alarich-Weiss-Str. 12, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
3
Materials Science Department, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Alarich-Weiss-Straße 2, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2018, 8(12), 446; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings8120446
Received: 31 October 2018 / Revised: 22 November 2018 / Accepted: 4 December 2018 / Published: 6 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Surface Modification of Cellulose Fibres)
The combination of cellulose-based materials and functional polymers is a promising approach for the preparation of porous, biotemplated ceramic materials. Within this study, cellulose substrates were functionalized with a surface-attached initiator followed by polymerization of (3‑methacryloxypropyl)heptaisobutyl-T8-silsesquioxane (MAPOSS) by means of surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). Successful functionalization was proven by infrared (IR) spectroscopy as well as by contact angle (CA) measurements. Thermal analysis of the polymer-modified cellulose substrates in different atmospheres (nitrogen and air) up to 600 °C led to porous carbon materials featuring the pristine fibre-like structure of the cellulose material as shown by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Interestingly, spherical, silicon-containing domains were present at the surface of the cellulose-templated carbon fibres after further ceramisation at 1600 °C, as investigated by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. View Full-Text
Keywords: immobilized polymers; controlled polymerizations; ceramic precursors; cellulose; ATRP immobilized polymers; controlled polymerizations; ceramic precursors; cellulose; ATRP
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rüttiger, C.; Vowinkel, S.; Herzog, N.; Hofmann, K.; Ionescu, E.; Gallei, M. POSS-Containing Polymethacrylates on Cellulose-Based Substrates: Immobilization and Ceramic Formation. Coatings 2018, 8, 446. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings8120446

AMA Style

Rüttiger C, Vowinkel S, Herzog N, Hofmann K, Ionescu E, Gallei M. POSS-Containing Polymethacrylates on Cellulose-Based Substrates: Immobilization and Ceramic Formation. Coatings. 2018; 8(12):446. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings8120446

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rüttiger, Christian, Steffen Vowinkel, Nicole Herzog, Kathrin Hofmann, Emanuel Ionescu, and Markus Gallei. 2018. "POSS-Containing Polymethacrylates on Cellulose-Based Substrates: Immobilization and Ceramic Formation" Coatings 8, no. 12: 446. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings8120446

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