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Coatings 2017, 7(8), 132; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings7080132

Directional Trans-Planar and Different In-Plane Water Transfer Properties of Composite Structured Bifacial Fabrics Modified by a Facile Three-Step Plasma Treatment

1
Institute for Frontier Materials, Deakin University, Victoria 3216, Australia
2
Key Laboratory of Textile Science & Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
3
College of Textiles and Clothing, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
4
College of Textile Science and Engineering, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430200, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 July 2017 / Revised: 16 August 2017 / Accepted: 16 August 2017 / Published: 22 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fabric Coatings)
Full-Text   |   PDF [5303 KB, uploaded 22 August 2017]   |  

Abstract

Fabrics with moisture management properties are strongly expected to benefit various potential applications in daily life, industry, medical treatment and protection. Here, a bifacial fabric with dual trans-planar and in-plane liquid moisture management properties was reported. This novel fabric was fabricated to have a knitted structure on one face and a woven structure on the other, contributing to the different in-plane water transfer properties of the fabric. A facile three-step plasma treatment was used to enrich the bifacial fabric with asymmetric wettability and liquid absorbency. The plasma treated bifacial fabric allowed forced water to transfer from the hydrophobic face to hydrophilic face, while it prevented water to spread through the hydrophobic face when water drops were placed on the hydrophilic face. This confirmed one-way water transport capacity of the bifacial fabric. Through the three-step plasma treatment, the fabric surface was coated with a Si-containing thin film. This film contributed to the hydrophobic property, while the physical properties of the fabrics such as stiffness and color were not affected. This novel fabric can potentially be used to design and manufacture functional and smart textiles with tunable moisture transport properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: directional water transport; bifacial fabrics; three-step plasma treatment; composite structure; moisture management directional water transport; bifacial fabrics; three-step plasma treatment; composite structure; moisture management
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Sun, F.; Chen, Z.; Zhu, L.; Du, Z.; Wang, X.; Naebe, M. Directional Trans-Planar and Different In-Plane Water Transfer Properties of Composite Structured Bifacial Fabrics Modified by a Facile Three-Step Plasma Treatment. Coatings 2017, 7, 132.

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