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Open AccessArticle

Spin Coating on Spherical Surface with Large Central Angles

Key Laboratory of Thin Film and Optical Manufacturing Technology, Ministry of Education, Xi’an Technological University, Xi’an 710032, China
State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
School of Optoelectronic Engineering, Xi’an Technological University, Xi’an 710032, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2017, 7(8), 124;
Received: 17 July 2017 / Revised: 4 August 2017 / Accepted: 11 August 2017 / Published: 14 August 2017
PDF [3730 KB, uploaded 15 August 2017]


Spin coating is one of the dominant processes for producing photoresistant thin films in integrated circuit manufacturing. The application of this process mainly focuses on flat surfaces. With the development of science and technology, the spin coating process is no longer restricted to flattened geometry. The demand for uniform thin films on curved surfaces urgently needs to be met, such as for the fabrication of anti-electromagnetic metal shielding grids on the window of fairings and grating on spherical lens. This is a challenging problem, and a fundamental mechanism is indispensable to provide guidance. However, few models have been reported about spinning a coating on curved geometry with a large central angle. To provide support for solving the problem of spin coating on a spherical surface with a large central angle, this paper presents a formulation for modeling the spin coating process on a spherical surface with a central angle close to 90 degrees and experiments that were completed to validate it. The film thickness evolution and uniformity of film thickness on a spherical surface are studied using this model and are compared with the existing literature to determine the potential advantages of the new model. Simulation results show that the uniformity of final film thickness is not ideal for uniform initial film thickness distribution. One dimensionless parameter is defined as the dominating factor to control film thickness and uniformity, which is related to the processing parameters. As demonstrated by the experimental results, this model can be adopted to predict film the thickness profile on spherical surfaces with large central angles. View Full-Text
Keywords: spin coating; spherical surface; film thickness; uniformity; large central angle spin coating; spherical surface; film thickness; uniformity; large central angle

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Liu, H.; Fang, X.; Meng, L.; Wang, S. Spin Coating on Spherical Surface with Large Central Angles. Coatings 2017, 7, 124.

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