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Corrosion Protection Systems and Fatigue Corrosion in Offshore Wind Structures: Current Status and Future Perspectives

1,† and 2,*,†
Principle Power Inc. (PPI), 5901 Christie Ave #303, Emeryville, CA 94608, USA
Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil (LNEC), Av. Brasil 101, Lisboa 1700-066, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Mark D. Soucek
Coatings 2017, 7(2), 25;
Received: 6 December 2016 / Revised: 24 January 2017 / Accepted: 25 January 2017 / Published: 11 February 2017
PDF [6538 KB, uploaded 11 February 2017]


Concerns over reducing CO2 emissions associated with the burning of fossil fuels in combination with an increase in worldwide energy demands is leading to increased development of renewable energies such as wind. The installation of offshore wind power structures (OWS) is one of the most promising approaches for the production of renewable energy. However, corrosion and fatigue damage in marine and offshore environments are major causes of primary steel strength degradation in OWS. Corrosion can reduce the thickness of structural components which may lead towards fatigue crack initiation and buckling. These failure mechanisms affect tower service life and may result in catastrophic structural failure. Additionally, environmental pollution stemming from corrosion’s by-products is possible. As a result, large financial investments are made yearly for both the prevention and recovery of these drawbacks. The corrosion rate of an OWS is dependent on different characteristics of attack which are influenced by access to oxygen and humidity. Structural degradation can occur due to chemical attack, abrasive action of waves, and microorganism attacks. Inspired by technological and scientific advances in recent years, the purpose of this paper is to discuss the current protective coating system technologies used to protect OWS as well as future perspectives. View Full-Text
Keywords: coatings; corrosion; wind energy; offshore wind platforms coatings; corrosion; wind energy; offshore wind platforms

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Price, S.J.; Figueira, R.B. Corrosion Protection Systems and Fatigue Corrosion in Offshore Wind Structures: Current Status and Future Perspectives. Coatings 2017, 7, 25.

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