A one-step method using under-liquid laser machining (ULLM) is proposed for fabrication of microdimples on a cemented carbide surface with a wear-resistant amphiphobic property. The influence of laser processing parameters on the depth, width, and surface roughness (Ra
) of the microstructures were investigated through single-factor experiments. On the basis of single-factor experiments, multiobjective optimization was carried out so that a desired surface morphology can be achieved. The model describing the relationships between laser processing parameters and corresponding responses was developed based on response surface methodology (RSM), and the adequacy of the model was assessed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and verified experimentally. Subsequently, the desired microstructure arrays were then fabricated with the optimal processing parameters. Finally, the wear-resistant behaviors were comparatively studied for two kinds of amphiphobic surfaces by rubbing multiple times using 1000 grit metallographic sandpaper. The textured surface fabricated using the ULLM method exhibits excellent mechanical rubbing resistance as it maintains its amphiphobic character even after rubbing 300 m under the pressure of 2.4 MPa. This facile and low-cost method can be not only easily extended to other materials but also applied to fabricate amphiphobic surfaces with wear-resistance and self-healing properties.
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