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Open AccessArticle

Treatment Modalities and Antimicrobial Stewardship Initiatives in the Management of Intra-Abdominal Infections

by 1,2, 1, 1,3 and 1,2,4,*
1
Wegmans School of Pharmacy, St. John Fisher College, Rochester, NY 14618, USA
2
Department of Pharmacy, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
3
St. Joseph’s Hospital Health Center, Syracuse, NY 13203, USA
4
Department of Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Christopher C. Butler
Antibiotics 2016, 5(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics5010011
Received: 6 November 2015 / Revised: 29 December 2015 / Accepted: 28 January 2016 / Published: 15 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Stewardship)
Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) focus on improving the utilization of broad spectrum antibiotics to decrease the incidence of multidrug-resistant Gram positive and Gram negative pathogens. Hospital admission for both medical and surgical intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) commonly results in the empiric use of broad spectrum antibiotics such as fluoroquinolones, beta-lactam beta-lactamase inhibitors, and carbapenems that can select for resistant organisms. This review will discuss the management of uncomplicated and complicated IAIs as well as highlight stewardship initiatives focusing on the proper use of broad spectrum antibiotics. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial stewardship; intra-abdominal infection; appendicitis; cholecystitis; diverticulitis antimicrobial stewardship; intra-abdominal infection; appendicitis; cholecystitis; diverticulitis
MDPI and ACS Style

Hoffmann, C.; Zak, M.; Avery, L.; Brown, J. Treatment Modalities and Antimicrobial Stewardship Initiatives in the Management of Intra-Abdominal Infections. Antibiotics 2016, 5, 11.

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