The metal halide with a perovskite structure has attracted significant attention due to its defect-tolerant photophysics and optoelectronic features. In particular, the all-inorganic metal halide perovskite quantum dots have potential for development in future applications. Sub-2 nm CsPbX3
(X = Cl, Br, and I) perovskite quantum dots were successfully fabricated by a MOF-confined strategy with a facile and simple route. The highly uniform microporous structure of MOF effectively restricted the CsPbX3
quantum dots aggregation in a synthetic process and endowed the obtained sub-2 nm CsPbX3
quantum dots with well-dispersed and excellent stability in ambient air without a capping agent. The photoluminescence emission spectra and lifetimes were not decayed after 60 days. The CsPbX3
quantum dots maintained size distribution stability in the air without any treatment. Because of the quantum confinement effect of CsPbX3
quantum dots, the absorption and photoluminescence (PL) emission peak were blue shifted to shorter wavelengths compare with bulk materials. Furthermore, this synthetic strategy provides a novel method in fabricating ultra-small photoluminescence quantum dots.
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