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Extreme and Topological Dissipative Solitons with Structured Matter and Structured Light

1
Vavilov State Optical Institute, Kadetskaya Liniya V.O. 5/2, St.-Petersburg 199053, Russia
2
Ioffe Institute, St.-Petersburg 194021, Russia
3
Department of photonics and optical informatics, ITMO University, St.-Petersburg 197101, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(6), 826; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9060826
Received: 2 April 2019 / Revised: 18 April 2019 / Accepted: 19 April 2019 / Published: 31 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photophysics of Media Doped with Nanoobjects)
Structuring of matter with nanoobjects allows one to generate soliton-like light bundles with extreme characteristics—temporal duration and spatial dimensions. On the other hand, structuring of light gives the possibility to form light bundles with complicated internal structure; their topology could be used for information coding similar to that in self-replicating RNA molecules carrying genetic code. Here we review the both variants of structuring. In the first variant, we consider a linear molecular chain and organic film interacting resonantly with laser radiation. Demonstrated are optical bistability, switching waves, and dissipative solitons, whose sizes for molecular J-aggregates can reach the nanometer range. We also discuss some theoretical approaches to take into account multi-particle interaction and correlations between molecules. In the second variant, light structuring in large-size laser medium with saturable amplification and absorption is achieved by preparation of the initial field distribution with a number of closed and unclosed vortex lines where the field vanishes. Various types of topological solitons, parameter domains of their stability, and transformation of the solitons with slow variation of the scheme parameters are presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: dissipative optical solitons; switching waves; molecular aggregates; lasers with saturable absorber; topological solitons dissipative optical solitons; switching waves; molecular aggregates; lasers with saturable absorber; topological solitons
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Rosanov, N.N.; Fedorov, S.V.; Nesterov, L.A.; Veretenov, N.A. Extreme and Topological Dissipative Solitons with Structured Matter and Structured Light. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 826.

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