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Open AccessArticle

Characteristic Evaluation of Graphene Oxide for Bisphenol A Adsorption in Aqueous Solution

1
Department of Eco-friendly Offshore Plant FEED Engineering, Changwon National University, 20 Changwondaehak-ro, Uichan-gu, Changwon 51140, Korea
2
Department of Environmental Engineering, Changwon National University, 20 Changwondaehak-ro, Uichan-gu, Changwon 51140, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ho Won Jang and Soo Young Kim
Nanomaterials 2016, 6(7), 128; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano6070128
Received: 25 May 2016 / Revised: 26 June 2016 / Accepted: 27 June 2016 / Published: 2 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 2D Nanomaterials: Graphene and Beyond Graphene)
This paper investigates the characteristics of graphene oxide (GO) for Bisphenol A (BPA) adsorption in water. Batch experiments on the influence of significant parameters were performed. While an improvement of the adsorption capacity of BPA was obtained by the increment of contact time and the initial BPA concentration, the increment of pH above 8, GO dosage, and temperature showed the reverse results. The thermodynamic study suggested that BPA adsorption on GO was an exothermic and spontaneous process. The kinetics was explained by the pseudo-second-order model which covers all steps of adsorption. The fit of the results with the Langmuir isotherm indicated the monolayer adsorption. At 298 K, the adsorption reached equilibrium within 30 min with the maximum adsorption capacity of 49.26 mg/g. The low BPA adsorption capacity of GO can be interpreted by the occurrence of oxygen-containing functional groups (OCFGs) that are able to form hydrogen bonds with the surrounding OCFGs and water molecules. This effect inhibited the role of π–π interactions that are mainly responsible for the adsorption of BPA. View Full-Text
Keywords: adsorption characteristics; bisphenol A; graphene oxide; hydrogen bonding; oxygen-containing functional groups; π–π interactions adsorption characteristics; bisphenol A; graphene oxide; hydrogen bonding; oxygen-containing functional groups; π–π interactions
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Phatthanakittiphong, T.; Seo, G.T. Characteristic Evaluation of Graphene Oxide for Bisphenol A Adsorption in Aqueous Solution. Nanomaterials 2016, 6, 128.

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