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Nanomaterials 2016, 6(11), 209;

Green Synthesis of Iron Nanoparticles and Their Environmental Applications and Implications

Department of Environmental Science, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas Nann
Received: 12 August 2016 / Revised: 17 October 2016 / Accepted: 7 November 2016 / Published: 12 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Applications and Implications of Nanotechnology)
PDF [1156 KB, uploaded 12 November 2016]


Recent advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology have also led to the development of novel nanomaterials, which ultimately increase potential health and environmental hazards. Interest in developing environmentally benign procedures for the synthesis of metallic nanoparticles has been increased. The purpose is to minimize the negative impacts of synthetic procedures, their accompanying chemicals and derivative compounds. The exploitation of different biomaterials for the synthesis of nanoparticles is considered a valuable approach in green nanotechnology. Biological resources such as bacteria, algae fungi and plants have been used for the production of low-cost, energy-efficient, and nontoxic environmental friendly metallic nanoparticles. This review provides an overview of various reports of green synthesised zero valent metallic iron (ZVMI) and iron oxide (Fe2O3/Fe3O4) nanoparticles (NPs) and highlights their substantial applications in environmental pollution control. This review also summarizes the ecotoxicological impacts of green synthesised iron nanoparticles opposed to non-green synthesised iron nanoparticles. View Full-Text
Keywords: iron nanomaterials; sustainable green nanotechnology; environmental pollution; environmental toxicology iron nanomaterials; sustainable green nanotechnology; environmental pollution; environmental toxicology

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Saif, S.; Tahir, A.; Chen, Y. Green Synthesis of Iron Nanoparticles and Their Environmental Applications and Implications. Nanomaterials 2016, 6, 209.

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