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In Situ Formation of Nanoporous Silicon on a Silicon Wafer via the Magnesiothermic Reduction Reaction (MRR) of Diatomaceous Earth

1
Hierarchically Structured Materials lab, Center for Energy Science and Technology, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, 121205 Moscow, Russia
2
Center Photonics and Quantum Materials, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, 121205 Moscow, Russia
3
Multi-Beam Laboratory for Engineering Microscopy (MBLEM), Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(4), 601; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10040601
Received: 30 January 2020 / Revised: 16 March 2020 / Accepted: 23 March 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Characterization of Nanocrystalline Materials)
Successful direct route production of silicon nanostructures from diatomaceous earth (DE) on a single crystalline silicon wafer via the magnesiothermic reduction reaction is reported. The formed porous coating of 6 µm overall thickness contains silicon as the majority phase along with minor traces of Mg, as evident from SEM-EDS and the Focused Ion Beam (FIB) analysis. Raman peaks of silicon at 519 cm−1 and 925 cm−1 were found in both the film and wafer substrate, and significant intensity variation was observed, consistent with the SEM observation of the directly formed silicon nanoflake layer. Microstructural analysis of the flakes reveals the presence of pores and cavities partially retained from the precursor diatomite powder. A considerable reduction in surface reflectivity was observed for the silicon nanoflakes, from 45% for silicon wafer to below 15%. The results open possibilities for producing nanostructured silicon with a vast range of functionalities. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnesiothermic reduction reaction; diatomaceous earth; in situ processing; nanoflakes; black silicon; fractal structure; surface reflection; light absorption magnesiothermic reduction reaction; diatomaceous earth; in situ processing; nanoflakes; black silicon; fractal structure; surface reflection; light absorption
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Aggrey, P.; Abdusatorov, B.; Kan, Y.; Salimon, I.A.; Lipovskikh, S.A.; Luchkin, S.; Zhigunov, D.M.; Salimon, A.I.; Korsunsky, A.M. In Situ Formation of Nanoporous Silicon on a Silicon Wafer via the Magnesiothermic Reduction Reaction (MRR) of Diatomaceous Earth. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 601.

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