Next Article in Journal
Intelligence in Education
Previous Article in Journal
Stephen Jay Gould’s Analysis of the Army Beta Test in The Mismeasure of Man: Distortions and Misconceptions Regarding a Pioneering Mental Test
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Assessing Student’s Achievement Gaps between Ethnic Groups in Brazil

1
Department of International Business and Economics, University of Greenwich, London, SE10 9LS, UK
2
SCK-CEN Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 November 2018 / Revised: 22 January 2019 / Accepted: 18 February 2019 / Published: 20 February 2019
  |  
PDF [671 KB, uploaded 25 February 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Achievement gaps refer to the difference in the performance on assessments of students belonging to different social groups. Achievement gaps between ethnic groups have been observed in countries with heterogeneous populations. In this paper, achievement gaps between ethnic populations in Brazil were analyzed by studying the performance of a large cohort of senior high-school students in a standardized national exam. Ethnic groups were stratified by Brazilian states and socio-economic variables to homogeneize the groups, and the analyses focused on the disciplines of mathematics and writing that involve different cognitive functions. A Welch’s t-test analysis was performed and key socio-economic variables that may explain the gaps were studied. The results show that gaps between ethnic groups of students living in low-income households were either statistically insignificant or small (2– 6 % ) if statistically significant. Larger gaps however were observed for students coming from high-income families in some contexts. Although parental education was associated with higher performance, it may either increase, decrease or maintain the gaps between White and Black, and between White and Pardo students. Our results support that socio-economic variables, linked to historical developments, have an impact on student’s performance irrespective of ethnic background, resulting on little to no influence on group performance when students are exposed to similar cultural and economic contexts. View Full-Text
Keywords: achievement gap; attainment gap; ethnic students; secondary school assessment achievement gap; attainment gap; ethnic students; secondary school assessment
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Rocha, L.E.C.; Nascimento, L.F. Assessing Student’s Achievement Gaps between Ethnic Groups in Brazil. J. Intell. 2019, 7, 7.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Intell. EISSN 2079-3200 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top