Assessing Student’s Achievement Gaps between Ethnic Groups in Brazil
AbstractAchievement gaps refer to the difference in the performance on assessments of students belonging to different social groups. Achievement gaps between ethnic groups have been observed in countries with heterogeneous populations. In this paper, achievement gaps between ethnic populations in Brazil were analyzed by studying the performance of a large cohort of senior high-school students in a standardized national exam. Ethnic groups were stratified by Brazilian states and socio-economic variables to homogeneize the groups, and the analyses focused on the disciplines of mathematics and writing that involve different cognitive functions. A Welch’s t-test analysis was performed and key socio-economic variables that may explain the gaps were studied. The results show that gaps between ethnic groups of students living in low-income households were either statistically insignificant or small (2–
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Rocha, L.E.C.; Nascimento, L.F. Assessing Student’s Achievement Gaps between Ethnic Groups in Brazil. J. Intell. 2019, 7, 7.
Rocha LEC, Nascimento LF. Assessing Student’s Achievement Gaps between Ethnic Groups in Brazil. Journal of Intelligence. 2019; 7(1):7.Chicago/Turabian Style
Rocha, Luis E.C.; Nascimento, Luana F. 2019. "Assessing Student’s Achievement Gaps between Ethnic Groups in Brazil." J. Intell. 7, no. 1: 7.
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