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The Enriching Interplay between Openness and Interest: A Theoretical Elaboration of the OFCI Model and a First Empirical Test

1
Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Rudower Chaussee 18, 12489 Berlin, Germany
2
Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education, Kiel University, Olshausenstraße 62, D-24118 Kiel, Germany
3
Centre for International Student Assessment, Kiel University, Olshausenstraße 62, D-24118 Kiel, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 July 2018 / Accepted: 26 July 2018 / Published: 1 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Ability-Personality Integration)
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Abstract

The Openness-Fluid-Crystallized-Intelligence (OFCI) model posits long-term relations between Openness and cognitive abilities and has been successfully tested with longitudinal data. However, research on the developmental interplay between cognitive abilities and personality exists only sparsely. The current paper focuses on a theoretical development of the OFCI model which suggests micro-level mechanisms underlying the long-term development. Specifically, within-situation relations between Openness, interests, situational perception, cognitive abilities, and emotions are proposed to explain longitudinal relations between Openness and cognitive abilities. Using experience sampling, selected parts of this elaboration were empirically scrutinized in a first test of the proposed ideas. Openness and specific interest both varied substantially across situations and covaried systematically. In interaction with an indicator of fluid intelligence, this covariation was related to an indicator of crystallized intelligence. The paper contributes to theorizing the intertwined development of personality and cognitive abilities, and highlights the importance of within-situation research for explaining long-term development. View Full-Text
Keywords: crystallized intelligence; knowledge; Openness to Experience; interests; Investment Theory; OFCI model; TESSERA crystallized intelligence; knowledge; Openness to Experience; interests; Investment Theory; OFCI model; TESSERA
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Ziegler, M.; Schroeter, T.A.; Lüdtke, O.; Roemer, L. The Enriching Interplay between Openness and Interest: A Theoretical Elaboration of the OFCI Model and a First Empirical Test. J. Intell. 2018, 6, 35.

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