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Interaction Effects between Openness and Fluid Intelligence Predicting Scholastic Performance

Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Rudower Chaussee 18, 12489 Berlin, Germany
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Academic Editor: Paul De Boeck
J. Intell. 2015, 3(3), 91-110; https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence3030091
Received: 23 April 2015 / Revised: 10 September 2015 / Accepted: 14 September 2015 / Published: 18 September 2015
Figural reasoning as an indicator of fluid intelligence and the domains of the Five Factor Model were explored as predictors of scholastic performance. A total of 836 Chinese secondary school students (406 girls) from grades 7 to 11 participated. Figural reasoning, as measured by Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices, predicted performance in Math, Chinese, and English, and also for a composite score. Among the personality domains, Openness had a positive effect on performance for all subjects after controlling for all the other variables. For Conscientiousness, the effects were smaller and only significant for Math. Neuroticism had a negative effect on Math grades. The effects of Extraversion on all grades were very small and not significant. Most importantly, hierarchical latent regression analyses indicated that all interaction effects between Openness and figural reasoning were significant, revealing a compensatory interaction. Our results further suggest that scholastic performance basically relies on the same traits through the secondary school years. However, importance is given to interaction effects between ability and personality. Implications along with limitations and suggestions for future research are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: fluid intelligence; Five Factor Model; Openness to Experience; scholastic performance; latent interaction effect; personality-intelligence interface fluid intelligence; Five Factor Model; Openness to Experience; scholastic performance; latent interaction effect; personality-intelligence interface
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, J.; Ziegler, M. Interaction Effects between Openness and Fluid Intelligence Predicting Scholastic Performance. J. Intell. 2015, 3, 91-110. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence3030091

AMA Style

Zhang J, Ziegler M. Interaction Effects between Openness and Fluid Intelligence Predicting Scholastic Performance. Journal of Intelligence. 2015; 3(3):91-110. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence3030091

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Jing, and Matthias Ziegler. 2015. "Interaction Effects between Openness and Fluid Intelligence Predicting Scholastic Performance" Journal of Intelligence 3, no. 3: 91-110. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence3030091

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