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Article

Linguistic Influences on Cognitive Test Performance: Examinee Characteristics Are More Important than Test Characteristics

1
Department of Educational Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G5, Canada
2
Centre for Research in Applied Measurement and Evaluation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G5, Canada
3
Institute for Community Integration, University of Minnesota and Institute for Applied Psychometrics, St. Joseph, MN 56374, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 September 2021 / Revised: 17 January 2022 / Accepted: 24 January 2022 / Published: 27 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psycho-Educational Assessments: Theory and Practice)
Consideration of the influence of English language skills during testing is an understandable requirement for fair and valid cognitive test interpretation. Several professional standards and expert recommendations exist to guide psychologists as they attempt to engage in best practices when assessing English learners (ELs). Nonetheless, relatively few evidence-based recommendations for practice have been specified for psychologists. To address this issue, we used a mixed-effects modeling approach to examine the influences of test characteristics (i.e., test directions) and examinee characteristics (i.e., expressive and receptive language abilities) on cognitive test performance. Our results suggest that language abilities appear to have a significant influence on cognitive test performance, whereas test characteristics do not influence performance, after accounting for language abilities. Implications for practice include the assessment of expressive and receptive language abilities of EL students prior to administering, scoring, and interpreting cognitive test scores. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychoeducational assessment; cognitive abilities; language abilities; school psychology; clinical psychology psychoeducational assessment; cognitive abilities; language abilities; school psychology; clinical psychology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cormier, D.C.; Bulut, O.; McGrew, K.S.; Kennedy, K. Linguistic Influences on Cognitive Test Performance: Examinee Characteristics Are More Important than Test Characteristics. J. Intell. 2022, 10, 8. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence10010008

AMA Style

Cormier DC, Bulut O, McGrew KS, Kennedy K. Linguistic Influences on Cognitive Test Performance: Examinee Characteristics Are More Important than Test Characteristics. Journal of Intelligence. 2022; 10(1):8. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence10010008

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cormier, Damien C., Okan Bulut, Kevin S. McGrew, and Kathleen Kennedy. 2022. "Linguistic Influences on Cognitive Test Performance: Examinee Characteristics Are More Important than Test Characteristics" Journal of Intelligence 10, no. 1: 8. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence10010008

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