Based on a deep understanding of all-phase digital filter (APDF) design and all-phase biorthogonal transform (APBT), this paper will further study the windowed all-phase digital filter (WAPDF) and windowed all-phase biorthogonal transform (WAPBT), discuss the principle of the WAPBT, and provide a unified construction method of the all-phase transform (APT). Based on a type of orthogonal transform, i.e., discrete sine transform (DST), an interpolation filter called an all-phase DST
(APDST) filter is constructed and used for image demosaicking; it is compared with bilinear interpolation and all-phase inverse discrete cosine transform (APIDCT) interpolation filters, to test its performance in image interpolation and provide analysis and discussion. The experimental results show that APIDCT and APDST filters with a size of 7 × 7 are similar in interpolation performance, but better than the bilinear interpolation method. In addition to its use in image interpolation demosaicking, the low-pass filter designed in this paper can also be widely used in image interpolation, image denoising, image resizing, and other fields of image processing.
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