Next Article in Journal
Topic Modeling and Sentiment Analysis of Online Review for Airlines
Previous Article in Journal
Clustering Optimization of LoRa Networks for Perturbed Ultra-Dense IoT Networks
Article

When ‘The Difference That Makes a Difference’ Makes a Difference: A Bottom-Up Approach to the Study of Information

School of Computing & Communications, The Open University, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David Bawden
Information 2021, 12(2), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/info12020077
Received: 26 January 2021 / Accepted: 9 February 2021 / Published: 11 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Information Theory and Methodology)
The concept of information is foundational to many disciplines yet also problematic and contested. This article contributes to the understanding of information through discussion of the findings of the interdisciplinary Difference That Makes a Difference (DTMD) project. DTMD used international conferences and workshops to bring together individuals from a wide range of disciplines to share how their field understands information, to engage in interdisciplinary conversations, and to contribute to edited publications. A simple answer to the question ‘what is information?’ is not forthcoming, but, it is argued, should no more be expected than would be an answer to ‘what is matter?’. Nevertheless, through exploration of the areas of consensus that emerged from the bottom-up process of interdisciplinary dialogue, this paper offers ten assertions about the nature of information narratives for further debate. The assertions range from ‘information requires a body’, through ‘information always has meaning’ and ‘information cannot be stored or communicated’ to ‘information is always shaped by power, authority and hierarchy’. This article finishes by illustrating and testing the assertions against an information case study of a team of medical experts disseminating information to the general public about the COVID-19 virus. View Full-Text
Keywords: information; Philosophy of Information; cybernetics; difference; bottom-up approach; narratives information; Philosophy of Information; cybernetics; difference; bottom-up approach; narratives
MDPI and ACS Style

Chapman, D.; Ramage, M. When ‘The Difference That Makes a Difference’ Makes a Difference: A Bottom-Up Approach to the Study of Information. Information 2021, 12, 77. https://doi.org/10.3390/info12020077

AMA Style

Chapman D, Ramage M. When ‘The Difference That Makes a Difference’ Makes a Difference: A Bottom-Up Approach to the Study of Information. Information. 2021; 12(2):77. https://doi.org/10.3390/info12020077

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chapman, David, and Magnus Ramage. 2021. "When ‘The Difference That Makes a Difference’ Makes a Difference: A Bottom-Up Approach to the Study of Information" Information 12, no. 2: 77. https://doi.org/10.3390/info12020077

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop