A Short Note on the History of the Concept of Information
2. Greek, Latin, Arabic, and Persian Roots of the Concept of Information
3. Information in Modernity
4. Information as Hermeneutical As
“The noun hermeneia (or the verb hermeneuo) in Aristotle has a generic meaning and two specifications. Generically it means expression, manifestation, or communication (semainein). In increasingly determinate specification it can then mean: verbal semainein, called lexis or dialectos; and declarative verbal semainein, called apophansis or logos apophantikos.That is: hermeneia-1 hermeneia-2 hermeneia-3 [semainein]: [legein]: [apophainesthai]:self-expression or communication in any form;self-expression or communication in discourse;self-expression or communication in declarative sentences.”
This movement is the co-performance of disclosure in humanely primordial sense, and it corresponds to the diairesis-moment of the hermeneutical as. In the oral version of his course Die Grundbegriffe der Metaphysik (February 27, 1930) Heidegger said that diairesis, seen as human transcendence, “pulls us as under, as it [p. 80] were, and grants us a stretching-ahead, takes us away into the possible...” But at the same time the human being returns from that transcendence to entities so as to know them in terms of possibility, i.e., “so as to allow the possible—as what empowers the actual—to speak back to the actual in a binding way..., binding or bonding it: synthesis. Clearly the unity of diairesis as transcendence to the essence of beings and synthesis as the return to beings in their essence points to the kinetic structure that grounds the hermeneutical as, just as the hermeneutical as in turn makes possible the truth and falsehood of Aristotle’s hermeneia-3.”
“According to Oliver Leaman, Mulla Sadra is arguably the single most important and influential philosopher in the Muslim world in the last four hundred years. [...] Mulla Sadra metaphysics gave priority “Ab initio” to existence, over quiddity. That is to say, essences are determined and variable according to existential “intensity”, (to use Henry Corbin’s definition), and as such essences are not immutable. The advantage to this schema is that it is acceptable to the fundamental statements of the Qur’an, even as it does not necessarily debilitate any previous Islamic philosopher’s Aristotelian or Platonic foundations.”
“Parler d‘intraduisibles n‘implique nullement que les termes en question, ou les expressions, les tours syntaxiques et grammaticaux, ne soient pas traduits et ne puissent pas l‘être—l’intraduisible, c’est plutôt ce qu’on ne cesse pas de (ne pas) traduire. Mais cela signale que leur traduction, dans une langue ou dans l’autre, fait problème, au point de susciter parfois un néologisme ou l’imposition d’un nouveau sens sur un vieux mot: c’est un indice de la manière don’t, d’une langue à l’autre, tant les mots que les réseaux conceptuels ne sont pas superposables […]” (“To speak about untranslatables does mean that the terms themselves or the expressions, their syntactic and grammatical forms, cannot be translated at all—intranslatable means what cannot cease (not) being translated. This points to the fact that their translation, from one language to the other, is problematic, even to the point when it gives rise sometimes to a neologism or to impose a new meaning over an old word: this shows that, from one language to the other, not only the words but also the conceptual networks cannot be put one over the other. (...)”)
- The same reference in all contexts, such that qualitative changes are not grasped.
- Similar aspects between the references. In this case, there a question arises about the primary or basic reference to which analogical concepts refer.
- Finally, qualitatively distinct references may exist. In this case the concepts of information are equivocal .
Conflicts of Interest
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Capurro, R. A Short Note on the History of the Concept of Information. Information 2019, 10, 305. https://doi.org/10.3390/info10100305
Capurro R. A Short Note on the History of the Concept of Information. Information. 2019; 10(10):305. https://doi.org/10.3390/info10100305Chicago/Turabian Style
Capurro, Rafael. 2019. "A Short Note on the History of the Concept of Information" Information 10, no. 10: 305. https://doi.org/10.3390/info10100305