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Challenges 2015, 6(2), 282-293;

Wildfire Likelihood’s Elements: A Literature Review

National Center for Remote Sensing, National Council for Scientific Research (CNRS), Riad al Soloh, Beirut 1107 2260, Lebanon
Department of Geography, St Joseph University, Damascus Street, Mar Mickael, Beirut 1104 2020, Lebanon
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Palmiro Poltronieri
Received: 21 September 2015 / Revised: 30 November 2015 / Accepted: 2 December 2015 / Published: 8 December 2015
Full-Text   |   PDF [289 KB, uploaded 8 December 2015]


Wildfires occur in different climatic zones, forest cover types and eras. Wildfire or forest fire has always shaped the landscape. Different methodologies and indexes have emerged to determine the likelihood of wildfire, commonly confused with the wildfire hazard. However, none of these are universal or portable. In this paper, we have gone through several articles, projects and books. The aim was to identify factors related to the ignition of a wildfire. Consequently, 28 factors were presented and categorized into climatic, topographic, in-situ, historical and anthropogenic factors. It is the first step in building a generalized, acceptable and portable method to determine the wildfire risk. Its creation is strongly related to the prevention and better assessment of this phenomenon. View Full-Text
Keywords: wildfire; likelihood; hazard; ignition factors; fire occurrence wildfire; likelihood; hazard; ignition factors; fire occurrence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mhawej, M.; Faour, G.; Adjizian-Gerard, J. Wildfire Likelihood’s Elements: A Literature Review. Challenges 2015, 6, 282-293.

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