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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Spiritual Care on Depression in Patients Following Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1
Nursing Department, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2
Department of Religious Education, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3
Statistic Department, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4
Nursing School, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2018, 9(5), 159; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9050159
Received: 31 January 2018 / Revised: 18 April 2018 / Accepted: 3 May 2018 / Published: 14 May 2018
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a nurse-delivered spiritual care intervention on depression following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. A semi-experimental study was performed in Baqiyatallah al-Azam Military Hospital of Tehran, Iran in 2013. Sixty-eight patients undergoing coronary artery grafts were purposefully selected and randomly assigned into the intervention (n = 34) and control (usual care) groups (n = 34). The intervention group received five sessions of spiritual care lasting between 45–60 minutes using the approach of Bergin Richards (2005). The control group received only routine standard care. The mean depression scores were measured using the depression subscale of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21). At baseline (p = 0.051), there were no differences in the mean depression scores. Post intervention, statistically significant differences were observed in the mean depression scores between groups (p < 0.001). The results showed that the use of spiritual care can decrease depression in the intervention group. These findings suggested that nurses could use spiritual care to improve psychological care. View Full-Text
Keywords: depression; spirituality; coronary artery bypass graft depression; spirituality; coronary artery bypass graft
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tajbakhsh, F.; Hosseini, M.; Fallahi-Khoshknab, M.; Rokofian, A.; Rahgozar, M.; Mary Davidson, P. The Effect of Spiritual Care on Depression in Patients Following Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Religions 2018, 9, 159. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9050159

AMA Style

Tajbakhsh F, Hosseini M, Fallahi-Khoshknab M, Rokofian A, Rahgozar M, Mary Davidson P. The Effect of Spiritual Care on Depression in Patients Following Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Religions. 2018; 9(5):159. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9050159

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tajbakhsh, Fereshteh; Hosseini, MohammadAli; Fallahi-Khoshknab, Masoud; Rokofian, Asghar; Rahgozar, Mehdi; Mary Davidson, Patricia. 2018. "The Effect of Spiritual Care on Depression in Patients Following Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial" Religions 9, no. 5: 159. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9050159

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