2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Instruments Used
2.2. Details of Intervention
3.1. Personal: Stress Management
Definitely, calmer and more relaxed overall. Thinking differently about stuff and if it’s worth the worry.I feel more relaxed and grounded at work, thoughts racing less, feeling more calm and content in myselfEnergy levels are higher. Reduced stress levels. Sleep pattern improved (on night duty)Moments to yourself where you clear your mind of distractions are hard to manufacture in the modern era and are wonderful oases of calm.
I look forward to it every week and feel calmer and more grounded I feel that it shows me that my workplace values me moreI would say I feel more relaxed. I look forward to the class every week.
3.2. Occupational: Creating a Positive Workplace
It’s so worthwhile. Our work can become very stressful at times and this is a great opportunity to unwind.I definitely felt more positive about having that space in work and I think that filtered into how I felt in work, in a good wayGreat sharing a protected space with colleaguesIt certainly made work a more welcoming prospect on a Thursday.
I feel it was hugely beneficial for staff to practice during work hours and it helps to calm the body and mind. Working as care givers, we tend to spend all of our energy on others, neglecting ourselves, so I think we all need to be more mindful of our own self-care.We need to take to support our own wellness and recovery to help us to support the wellness and recovery of service users. I also enjoyed the experience and have recommended it to friends. I believe that that Tai Chi is a way in which we can address individual and organization wellbeing and cultural change.It is very important for us as mental health professionals to maintain our own stress, and the class allows us protective and supportive time.
4.1. Stress Management
4.2. Creating a Positive Workplace
Conflicts of Interest
- Black, Dame Carol. 2012. Why healthcare organizations must look after their staff. Nursing Management 19: 27–30. [Google Scholar]
- Black, Dame Carol, and David Frost. 2011. Health at Work; An Independent Review of Sickness Absence (Cm8205). London: The Stationary Office. [Google Scholar]
- Braun, Virginia, and Victoria Clarke. 2006. Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology 3: 77–101. [Google Scholar]
- Corey, Marianne Schneider, and Gerald Corey. 2011. Becoming a Helper, 6th ed. Belmont: Brookes Cole. [Google Scholar]
- Figley, Charles R. 1995. Compassion fatigue: Toward a new understanding of the costs of caring. In Secondary Trauma Stress: Self-Care Issues for Clinicians, Researchers and Educators. Edited by B. H. Stamm. Lutherville: Sidran Press, pp. 3–28. [Google Scholar]
- Goetzel, Ron Z., and Ronald J. Ozminkowski. 2008. The health and cost benefits of work site health-promotion programs. Annual Review of Public Health 29: 303–23. [Google Scholar]
- Goetzel, Ron Z., David Shechter, Ronald J. Ozminkowski, Paula F. Marmet, Maryam J. Tabrizi, and Enid Chung Roemer. 2007. Promising practices in employer health and productivity management efforts: Findings from a benchmarking study. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicin 49: 111–30. [Google Scholar]
- Harvey, Samuel B., Matthew Modini, Sadhbh Joyce, Josie S. Milligan-Saville, Leona Tan, Arnstein Mykletun, Richard A. Bryant, Helen Christensen, and Philip B. Mitchell. 2017. Can work make you mentally ill? A systematic meta-review of work-related risk factors for common mental health problems. Journal of Occupational Environmental Medicine 74: 301–10. [Google Scholar]
- Health Service Executive. 2015. Corporate Plan for the Health Services 2015–2017. Available online: http://www.cuh.hse.ie/Careers/HSE-Corporate-Plan-2015-2017.pdf (accessed on 23 January 2018).
- Joyce, Sadhbh, Matthew Modini, Helen Christensen, Arnstein Mykletun, Richard Bryant, Philip B. Mitchell, and Samuel B. Harvey. 2016. Workplace interventions for common mental disorders: A systematic meta-review. Psychological Medicine 46: 683–97. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Lee, Myeong Soo, and Edzard Ernst. 2012. Systematic reviews of tai chi: An overview. British Journal Sports Medicine 46: 713–18. [Google Scholar]
- Letvak, Susan A., Christopher Ruhm, and Sat N. Gupta. 2012. Nurses’ presenteeism and its effect on self-reported quality of care and costs. American Journal of Nursing 112: 30–38. [Google Scholar]
- Lo, Benjamin Pang Jeng, Martin Inn, Robert Amacker, and Susan Foe. 1979. The Essence of T’ai Chi Ch’uan: The Literary Tradition. Berkeley: North Atlantic, ISBN 0913028630. [Google Scholar]
- Mark, G. G., and Andrew P. Smith. 2012. Occupational stress, job characteristics, coping and the mental health of nurse. British Journal of Health Psychology 17: 505–21. [Google Scholar]
- Maslach, Christina. 1982. Burnout: The Cost of Caring. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall. [Google Scholar]
- Morrissey, Jean. 2015. Self-Care: Professional and Personal Considerations. In Working with Self-Harm & Suicidal Behaviour. Edited by Louise Doyle, Brian Keogh and Jean Morrissey. London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 86–99. [Google Scholar]
- Porter, Michael, Beth Alder, and Charles S. Abraham. 2000. Psychology and Sociology Applied to Medicine. London: Churchill Livingstone. [Google Scholar]
- Shareck, Martine, Katherine L. Frohlich, and Blake Poland. 2013. Reducing social inequities in health through settings-related interventions—A conceptual framework. Global Health Promotion 20: 39–52. [Google Scholar]
- Sharma, Manoj, and Taj Haider. 2015. Tai chi as an alternative and complimentary therapy for anxiety: A systematic review. Journal of Evidence Based Complimentary Alternative Medicine 20: 143–53. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Skovholt, Thomas M., and Michelle Trotter-Mathison. 2011. The Resilient Practitioner Burnout Prevention and Self-Care Strategies for Counselors, Therapists, Teachers and Health Professionals, 2nd ed. London: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
- Smith, Pam, and Benjamin Gray. 2000. The Emotional Labour of Nursing: How Student and Qualified Nurses Learn to Care. London: South Bank University. [Google Scholar]
- Tennant, Ruth, Louise Hiller, Ruth Fishwick, Stephen Platt, Stephen Joseph, Scott Weich, Jane Parkinson, Jenny Secker, and Sarah Stewart-Brown. 2007. The Warwick Edinburgh mental well-being scale (WEMWBS): Development and UK validation. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 5: 63. [Google Scholar]
- Wang, Chenchen, Raveendhara Bannuru, Judith Ramel, Bruce Kupelnick, Tammy Scott, and Christopher H. Schmid. 2010. Tai Chi on psychological well-being: Systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 10: 23. [Google Scholar]
- Wang, Yanan, Lu Zheng, Tianhong Hu, and Quanquan Zheng. 2014. Stress, burnout and job satisfaction: Case of police force in China. Public Personnel Management 43: 325–39. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Wayne, Peter M. 2013. The Harvard Medical School Guide to Tai Chi: 12 Weeks to a Healthy Body, Strong Heart, and Sharp Mind. Boston: Shambhala Publications. [Google Scholar]
- World Health Organisation (WHO). 2014. World Health Statistics 2014. Geneva: WHO. [Google Scholar]
© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).