Nation, Race, and Religious Identity in the Early Nazi Movement
AbstractThis paper examines the dissemination of radical nationalist and racist ideas among Catholics within the early Nazi movement in Munich. While the relationship between the Nazi regime and the Catholic faith was often antagonistic after 1933, a close examination of the earliest years of the Nazi movement reveals a different picture. In the immediate aftermath of the First World War and within the specific context of Munich and its overwhelmingly Catholic environs, early Nazi activists attempted to resacralize political life, synthesizing radical völkisch nationalism with reformist, “modern” conceptions of Catholic faith and identity. In so doing, they often built on ideas that circulated in Catholic circles before the First World War, particularly within the Reform Catholic movement in Munich. By examining depictions of nation and race among three important Catholic groups—reform-oriented priests, publicists, and university students—this paper strives not only to shed light on the conditions under which the Nazi movement was able to survive its tumultuous infancy, but also to offer brief broader reflections on the interplay between nationalism, racism, and religious identity. The article ultimately suggests it was specifically the malleability and conceptual imprecision of those terms that often enhanced their ability to penetrate and circulate effectively within religious communities. View Full-Text
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Hastings, D. Nation, Race, and Religious Identity in the Early Nazi Movement. Religions 2018, 9, 303.
Hastings D. Nation, Race, and Religious Identity in the Early Nazi Movement. Religions. 2018; 9(10):303.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hastings, Derek. 2018. "Nation, Race, and Religious Identity in the Early Nazi Movement." Religions 9, no. 10: 303.
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