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Religions 2018, 9(10), 293; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9100293

Islām and Genesis 17: A Study in Scriptural Intertextuality

Department of Religious Studies, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182-6062, USA
Received: 25 August 2018 / Revised: 14 September 2018 / Accepted: 17 September 2018 / Published: 28 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remembering Jewish-Muslim Encounters: Challenges and Cooperation)
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Abstract

Abraham Geiger’s 1833 essay launched a particular genre of research that posits foreign etymology for many terms in the Qur’ān. Whereas some work has been erudite, others have posited far-fetched concepts to the point where at least one author opines that Aramaic was the original language of the Qur’ān. Muslim exegetes have compounded the problem by seeking to interpret the Qur’ān on its own, without reference to other Abrahamic scriptures. I argue that Muhammad’s audience understood him clearly since he was using terms that had become part of the Arabic language long before his time. I examine three terms: islām, imān, and dīn, showing that the meaning of these words in the Qur’ān can be deciphered by reliance on context of usage and intertextuality. To this end, I refer to several verses of the Qur’ān as well as of the Hebrew Bible and Talmudic literature. A proper understanding of these words allows us to see Q3:19 and Q5:3 as pluralistic instead of the particularistic interpretation that most exegetes proffer. View Full-Text
Keywords: Islam; Iman; Din; Qur’ān; Aramaic; Hebrew; Hebrew Bible; Talmud; Onkelos Islam; Iman; Din; Qur’ān; Aramaic; Hebrew; Hebrew Bible; Talmud; Onkelos
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Mohammed, K. Islām and Genesis 17: A Study in Scriptural Intertextuality. Religions 2018, 9, 293.

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