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Validation of a Novel Instrument to Measure Elements of Franciscan-Inspired Spirituality in a General Population and in Religious Persons

Professorship Quality of Life, Spirituality and Coping, Faculty of Heath, Witten/Herdecke University, 58313 Herdecke, Germany
IUNCTUS—Competence Center for Christian Spirituality, Philosophical-Theological Academy, 48148 Münster, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2017, 8(9), 197;
Received: 3 August 2017 / Revised: 23 August 2017 / Accepted: 15 September 2017 / Published: 19 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Measures of Spirituality/Religiosity (2018))
Today there are several approaches for bringing mindfulness, which conceptually refers to the Buddhist Vipassana tradition, into organizations. Programs referring to value-based attitudes and behaviors derived from specific Christian contexts are rarely evaluated. A prerequisite are reliable instruments for measuring the respective outcomes. We therefore performed a cross-sectional study among 418 participants to validate an instrument measuring specific aspects of Franciscan-inspired spirituality (FraSpir), particularly the core dimensions and transformative outcomes. Exploratory factor analysis of this FraSpir questionnaire with 26 items pointed to four main factors (i.e., “Live from Faith/Search for God”; “Peaceful attitude/Respectful Treatment”; “Commitment to Disadvantaged and Creation”; “Attitude of Poverty”). Their internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) ranged from 0.79 to 0.97. With respect to convergent validity, there were sound correlations with engagement in religious practices, gratitude and awe, and prosocial-humanistic practices. The 26-item instrument was found to be a reliable and valid instrument for use in training and education programs. Interestingly, nuns and monks scored significantly higher on the Faith and Poverty subscales than others, but similarly on the two subscales addressing considerate action in the world. These attitudes and behaviors are not exclusively valued by those of religious faith, but by all. View Full-Text
Keywords: spirituality; Franciscan; validation; questionnaire spirituality; Franciscan; validation; questionnaire
MDPI and ACS Style

Büssing, A.; Warode, M.; Gerundt, M.; Dienberg, T. Validation of a Novel Instrument to Measure Elements of Franciscan-Inspired Spirituality in a General Population and in Religious Persons. Religions 2017, 8, 197.

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