The Qur’an’s Message on Spirituality and Martyrdom: A Literary and Rhetorical Analysis
AbstractIs the Qur’an a spiritual text that links human existence to divine benevolence? Or does the Qur’an advocate martyrdom and justify violence against non-believers? This debate acquired new urgency with the rise of terrorism perpetrated in the name of Islam in the later decades of the twentieth century. On the one hand, the Qur’an provides spiritual guidance to millions of Muslims around the world. On the other, Islamic terrorist organizations draw inspiration from the Qur’an. Some Western experts also cite Qur’anic passages as supporting violence and terrorism. This paper interprets the Qur’an in the tradition of Arab scholars of the early medieval period (eighth century CE) who began al-balāgha, a study of literary devices used in the rhetorical expression of the Qur’an. The paper analyzes how literary and rhetorical elements in the Qur’an have shaped its message on man’s relationship with the divine, as well as two key theological concepts in Islam: requital and final judgment. The paper demonstrates how an appreciation of the Qur’an’s literary and rhetorical elements is critical to understanding its spiritual message, as well as its stance on violence and martyrdom. View Full-Text
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Arya, N.G. The Qur’an’s Message on Spirituality and Martyrdom: A Literary and Rhetorical Analysis. Religions 2017, 8, 144.
Arya NG. The Qur’an’s Message on Spirituality and Martyrdom: A Literary and Rhetorical Analysis. Religions. 2017; 8(8):144.Chicago/Turabian Style
Arya, Nisha G. 2017. "The Qur’an’s Message on Spirituality and Martyrdom: A Literary and Rhetorical Analysis." Religions 8, no. 8: 144.
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