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Work-Related Psychological Wellbeing: Testing the Balanced Affect Model among Anglican Clergy

Warwick Religions and Education Research Unit, Centre for Education Studies, The University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
Emeritus Professor, School of Mathematics, Alan Turing Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
Independent scholar, Wrexham Glyndŵr University, Mold Road, Wrexham LL11 2AW, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2017, 8(7), 118;
Received: 12 May 2017 / Revised: 7 June 2017 / Accepted: 12 June 2017 / Published: 28 June 2017
Poor work-related psychological health and professional burnout remain issues of concern among clergy across denominations and across cultures. Maslach’s three-component model of burnout remains the most frequently employed conceptualization and measure in clergy research. Maslach proposes a sequential model of burnout. An alternative approach has been offered by the Francis Burnout Inventory that comprises two components. Francis proposes a balanced affect model of burnout according to which negative affect (emotional exhaustion) is offset by positive affect (satisfaction in ministry). This study draws on data provided by around 658 clergy serving in the Church of England to test this balanced affect model. Employing independent measures of burnout, the data demonstrated the significance of the interaction term between positive affect and negative affect in predicting individual differences in burnout. In other words, as positive affect increases the effects of negative affect decrease. View Full-Text
Keywords: clergy; burnout; wellbeing clergy; burnout; wellbeing
MDPI and ACS Style

Francis, L.; Laycock, P.; Brewster, C. Work-Related Psychological Wellbeing: Testing the Balanced Affect Model among Anglican Clergy. Religions 2017, 8, 118.

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