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Open AccessArticle

Spirituality in the Undergraduate Curricula of Nursing Schools in Portugal and São Paulo-Brazil

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School of Nursing-Lisbon, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Health, Universidade Católica Portuguesa—Instituto de Ciências da Sáude, Palma de Cima, Lisboa 1649-023, Portugal
2
School of Health, Escola Superior de Saúde de Santa Maria, Porto 4049-024, Portugal
3
Faculty of Medicine and Nursing. Universidade de Marília, Av. Hygino Muzzy Filho, 1001 Campus Universitário—Marília, São Paulo 03178-200, Brazil
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Nursing School of S. João de Deus, Universidade de Évora, Largo do Senhor da Pobreza, Évora 7000-811, Portugal
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School of Nursing, Universidade Federal de Alfenas—UNIFAL-MG, Scholarship PET/MEC/SESU, Alfenas-MG 37130-000, Brasil
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Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing—EERP-USP, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 03178-200, Brazil
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School of Nursing, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Health, Universidade Católica Portuguesa—Instituto de Ciências da Sáude, Rua Diogo de Botelho, 1327, Porto 4169-005, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: John Swinton
Religions 2016, 7(11), 134; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel7110134
Received: 15 September 2016 / Revised: 26 October 2016 / Accepted: 1 November 2016 / Published: 8 November 2016
Spirituality is considered a dimension of nursing care, which is often recognized as being neglected, mainly due to a lack of education. Several studies have addressed nursing students’ perceptions and skills for providing spiritual care, but there is little evidence on how spirituality is addressed in undergraduate nursing curricula. This study comprised Portuguese and Brazilian nursing schools (from São Paulo) and describes how spirituality is addressed in undergraduate nursing curricula. It is descriptive and the survey research was performed in 2014–2015. The questionnaire was composed of closed and open-ended questions and was sent by e-mail. A total of 129 answers were obtained, mostly from Portugal. Results indicated that several curricular units include spirituality, although having different contents. The learning outcomes are consistent with improving nursing students’ integral education, developing the clinical reasoning regarding spirituality, and improving the assessment of the patient across the life span. Nevertheless, it seems that spirituality is poorly addressed in clinical practice. Few nursing schools have courses or curricular units specifically dealing with spirituality, but they do provide some form of teaching on the subject. No standard curriculum exists, but teachers believe that it is a very important subject that should be included in the courses taught. View Full-Text
Keywords: spirituality; education; nursing; students; nursing; teaching; holistic nursing; cross-sectional studies spirituality; education; nursing; students; nursing; teaching; holistic nursing; cross-sectional studies
MDPI and ACS Style

Caldeira, S.; Simões Figueiredo, A.; Da Conceição, A.P.; Ermel, C.; Mendes, J.; Chaves, E.; Campos de Carvalho, E.; Vieira, M. Spirituality in the Undergraduate Curricula of Nursing Schools in Portugal and São Paulo-Brazil. Religions 2016, 7, 134.

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