Next Article in Journal
The Mirror: Advice on Presence and Awareness (dran pa dang shes bzhin gyi gdams pa me long ma)
Next Article in Special Issue
Promoting the Everyday: Pro-Sharia Advocacy and Public Relations in Ontario, Canada’s “Sharia Debate”
Previous Article in Journal
Only (Dis-)Connect: Pentecostal Global Networking as Revelation and Concealment
Previous Article in Special Issue
Majority versus Minority: ‘Governmentality’ and Muslims in Sweden
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Religions 2013, 4(3), 391-411;

Migrants in Chains: On the Enslavement of Muslims in Renaissance and Enlightenment Europe

Department of History, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
Received: 24 July 2013 / Revised: 28 August 2013 / Accepted: 28 August 2013 / Published: 4 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Islam, Immigration, and Identity)
Full-Text   |   PDF [274 KB, uploaded 4 September 2013]


Between the Renaissance and the French Revolution, hundreds of thousands of Muslim men and women from the southern and eastern shores of the Mediterranean were forcibly transported to Western Europe. Those who were not ransomed or who did not return to their homelands as part of prisoner exchanges, languished for decades and, many, for the remainder of their lives, in chattel slavery. This essay considers the enslavement process overall and the conceptual frameworks necessary to bring this poorly known chapter in European social history into focus. Emphasizing the case of the Muslim galley slaves of the Catholic ports of France, Italy and Malta, it argues that without appreciating this phenomenon as a form of migration, as well as part of a larger history of global slavery, it not possible to understand the specificity of confessionalized enslavement within the early modern Mediterranean. View Full-Text
Keywords: slavery; migration; Enlightenment Europe slavery; migration; Enlightenment Europe
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Salzmann, A. Migrants in Chains: On the Enslavement of Muslims in Renaissance and Enlightenment Europe. Religions 2013, 4, 391-411.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert Logo copyright Steve Bridenbaugh/UUA
Back to Top