“Hair for Freedom” Movement in Iran: Interreligious Dialogue in Social Media Activism?
- RQ 1.
- What were the most prevalent themes that emerged from “Hair for Freedom’s” social media posts? Did “Hair for Freedom’s” posts focus principally on Islam, women’s rights, or some other topic?
- RQ 2.
- To what degree did religious values or beliefs prompt people to generate social media posts about “Hair for Freedom”?
- RQ 3.
- Did the social media exchange over “Hair for Freedom” prompt intrareligious, interreligious, or suprareligious dialogue?
2. Theoretical Framework
2.1. Interreligious Dialogue (IRD) on Social Media
2.2. Digital Feminism and Religion
3.2. Data Analysis
5. Discussion and Conclusions
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Number of Posts|
|3915 (565 original tweets)|
|Topic||Main Words||Dominant Topic||Example Post|
|Women’s rights and the veil||women, body, cut, death, veil, free, justice, participate, feminism, hijab||49.7%||The Iranian government is forcing women to wear hijabs and even kills if they don’t follow a fixed way of wearing it. Masha Amini’s death is not a one-off event. Freedom for Women!!! #HairforFreedom|
|Actresses and influencers||solidarity, support, actresses, French, Korean, picture, video, cut, Iran, please||38.9%||French Oscar winners cut off their hair to support Iranian women protesting Hijab policy.|
When will Bollywood join the Bandwagon?
|People rights in general||fight, peace, world, courage, Persian, force, rights, brave, people, police||11.4%||For the courageous women and men of Iran who are changing the world at this very moment, fighting for freedom and human rights. |
We stand by you. #HairForFreedom #Iran
|Women’s rights and the veil||8.6||1.06||313.8||12.25||2123||28.45|
|Actresses and influencers||6.63||1.12||254.83||12.72||2236.8||12.2|
|People’s rights in general||6||1.5||82.13||4.31||75||2.1|
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Navarro, C.; Peres-Neto, L. “Hair for Freedom” Movement in Iran: Interreligious Dialogue in Social Media Activism? Religions 2023, 14, 602. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel14050602
Navarro C, Peres-Neto L. “Hair for Freedom” Movement in Iran: Interreligious Dialogue in Social Media Activism? Religions. 2023; 14(5):602. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel14050602Chicago/Turabian Style
Navarro, Celina, and Luiz Peres-Neto. 2023. "“Hair for Freedom” Movement in Iran: Interreligious Dialogue in Social Media Activism?" Religions 14, no. 5: 602. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel14050602