Combating Sex Trafficking: The Role of the Hotel—Moral and Ethical Questions
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Source of Cases
2.2. Background of Hotels and Corporations
3.1. Case Analysis
3.2. Location Analysis of the Identified Hotels
3.3. Hotels/Motels Brand and Chain Analysis
3.4. Summary of Results
4.1. Hotels Become a Hotspot of Sex Trafficking
4.2. Ethical and Moral Questions in Reference to Hotels and Hotel Chains
4.3. The Commitment to End Human Trafficking by Hotel Groups
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
|Public Company Defendants||Private Company Defendants||Hotel Brands Identified|
|N/A||Best Western International, Inc.;|
R&M Real Estate Co. Inc.
|Best Western; |
Best Western Plus
|Choice Hotels International, Inc. (CIK#1046311)||Jav, Inc.;|
R&M Real Estate Co. Inc.;
Rosen International, Inc. (d/b/a Rodeway Inn International);
SUB-SU Hotel GP, LLC;
Westmont Hospitality Group;
WHG SU Atlanta LP
|Comfort Inn & Executive Suites;|
Suburban Extended Stay
|Blackstone Group, Inc. (CIK 0001393818)||G6 Hospitality LLC;|
Motel 6 Corporation
|Hilton Worldwide Holdings, Inc. (CIK#1585689)||2014 SE Owner 5-Emory, LLC;|
Auro Hotels Management, LLC;
Hilton Domestic Operating Company, Inc.;
Hilton Franchise Holdings, LLC;
JHM Hotels Management, Inc.;
Laxmi Druid Hills Hotel, LLC
|Hyatt Hotels Corporation (CIK#1468174)||N/A||Hyatt Regency|
|Inter-Continental Hotels Corp. (listed in this Appendix as Inter-Continental Hotels Group PLC (CIK#858446))||Holiday Hospitality Franchising, LLC;|
Naples CFC Enterprises, Ltd.
|Marriott International, Inc. (CIK#1048286)||CSM Corporation; |
CSM RI Naples, LLC;
Residence Inn by Marriott, LLC
|Four Points by Sheraton;|
|N/A||Red Lion Hotels Corp. (acquired by Sonesta International Hotels Corporation in March 2021);|
Vad Property Management, LLC;
Vantage Hospitality Group, Inc.
|America’s Best Value Inn|
Knights Inn (4 April 2018-present)9
|N/A||Red Roof Inns, Inc.;|
FMW RRI NC, LLC;
Red Roof Franchising, LLC
RRI III, LLC;
RRI West Management, LLC;
R-Roof Asset, LLC;
Varahi Hotel, LLC;
Westmont Hospitality Group, Inc.;
|Red Roof Inn;|
Red Roof Plus+
|Wyndham Hotels & Resorts, Inc. (CIK#0001722684);|
CorePoint Lodging, Inc. (CIK#0001707178)
|CPLG Holdings, LLC;|
CPLG Properties, LLC;
Days Inn Worldwide, Inc.;
Hanuman of Naples, LLC;
H.I. of Naples, LLC;
Howard Johnson International, Inc.;
Jeet & JJ LLC;
Kuzzins Buford, Inc.;
La Quinta Holdings, Inc.;
La Quinta Properties, Inc.;
La Quinta Worldwide, LLC;
Laxmi of Naples, LLC;
Lincoln Hospitality Group, LLC;
Lincoln Hotels, LLC;
LQ Management LLC;
LQ FL Properties, LLC;
Microtel Inns and Suites Franchising, Inc.;
Newtel V Corporation;
Ramada Worldwide, Inc.;
Rist Properties LLC;
Shanta Hospitality, LLC;
Shree Siddhivinayak Hospitality, LLC
Knights Inn (2006–3 April 2018: see note 9);
Microtel Inn & Suites;
Ricchio v. McLean et al., 2015. United States District Court for Massachusetts. 1:15-cv-13519.
Doe C.D. v. R-Roof Asset. 2019. United States District Court for Massachusetts. 1:19−cv−11192−NMG.
R.E. v. Lincoln Hotel, LLC et al., 2020. United States District Court for Georgia Northern. 1:20-cv-03335.
W.K. v. Red Roof Inns Inc. et al., 2020. U.S. District Court for Georgia Northern. 1:20-cv-05263.
S.J. v. Choice Hotels Corporation et al., 2019. United States District Court for the New York Eastern. 1:19-cv-06071-DG-PK.
Highway Ramp: This ramp of the main interstate (I-95), the major intersections (I-4, 10, 16, 20, 26, 40, 64, 74, 76, 78, 80, 85, 87, 90, 91, 93), auxiliary routes (I-195, 295, 395, 495, 595, 695, 795, 895) and the other routes (I-276, 476, 676, 287, 278, 678, 280).
B. v. Inter−Continental Hotels Corporation et al., 2019. United States District Court for New Hampshire. 1:19-cv-01213-AJ; E.B. v. Howard Johnson by Wyndham Newark et al., 2021. United States District Court for New Jersey. 2:21-cv-02901-SDW-LDW; R.E. v. Lincoln Hotel, LLC et al., 2020. United States District Court for Georgia Northern. 1:20-cv-03335.
Parent/Major Hotel Companies marked in bold.
Red Lion Hotels Corporation announced its acquisition of Knights Inn from Wyndham Hotel Group on 4 April 2018. The acquisition was completed on 14 May 2018.
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|States or Federal District||Number of Civil Cases||Number of Entity Defendants||Number of Sex Trafficking Cases That Involve Hotels||Number of Defendants Categorized as “Hotels”||Number of Identified Hotels|
|District of Columbia||0||0||0||0||0|
|States or Federal District||City/County of the Hotel Location|
(Number of the Identified Hotels in Each City/County)
|Number of the Identified|
|District of Columbia||None||0|
|Florida||Coral Springs (1), Fort Lauderdale (4), Fort Myers (5), Jacksonville (9), Kissimmee (2), Naples (20), Orlando (2), Plantation (3), Sunrise (1)||47|
|Georgia||Alpharetta (2), Atlanta (4), Chamblee (1), Conley (1), Decatur (1), Jonesboro (2), Marietta (1), Morrow (1), Smyrna (1)||14|
|Maine||Portland (2), South Portland (2)||4|
|Massachusetts||Framingham (1), Marshfield (1), Seekonk (1)||3|
|New Hampshire||Concord (2), Keene (1), Tilton (1), Gilford (1)||5|
|New Jersey||Elizabeth (6), Newark (1)||7|
|New York||Bronx (1), Queens (1), Albany (1)||3|
|South Carolina||Charleston (1), Columbia (1), North Charleston (1)||3|
|Case Source||Filed Year||Number of Filed Cases||Number of the Identified Hotels from the Cases||Number of Case Terminated|
|Human Trafficking Institute||2015||1||1||1|
|Period of Time Until the File Closed||Number of Cases Terminated|
|Around 4 years||1|
|Around 2 years||1|
|Around 1 year||11|
|Less than 1 year||1|
|States or Federal District||Number of the Identified Hotels||Near Highway Ramp6||Near International Airport||Near Casinos||Near Resorts|
|District of Columbia||0||0||0||0||0|
|Hotel & Motels||Management||Facilities Service||Real Estate||Investment||Other|
|61% (74)||17% (20)||7% (8)||6% (7)||3% (4)||7% (8)|
|Name of the Hotel Chain||Starting Year of Signed Agreement with ECPAT||Implementation|
Status as of July 2021
|Wyndham Hotels & Resorts||2011||50%|
|Choice Hotels International||2015||67%|
|Red Roof Inns||2016||67%|
|Marriott International, Inc.||2018||17%|
|InterContinental Hotels Group (IHG)||2019||17%|
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Jeng, C.-C.; Huang, E.; Meo, S.; Shelley, L. Combating Sex Trafficking: The Role of the Hotel—Moral and Ethical Questions. Religions 2022, 13, 138. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13020138
Jeng C-C, Huang E, Meo S, Shelley L. Combating Sex Trafficking: The Role of the Hotel—Moral and Ethical Questions. Religions. 2022; 13(2):138. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13020138Chicago/Turabian Style
Jeng, Chu-Chuan, Edward Huang, Sarah Meo, and Louise Shelley. 2022. "Combating Sex Trafficking: The Role of the Hotel—Moral and Ethical Questions" Religions 13, no. 2: 138. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13020138