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Love Jihad and the Governance of Gender and Intimacy in Hindu Nationalist Statecraft

The Securitization of Love Jihad

Department of History, Humanities and International Studies, Hawaii Pacific University, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
Department of Strategic and Security Studies, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202001, Uttar Pradesh, India
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Iselin Frydenlund and Eviane Leidig
Religions 2021, 12(12), 1074;
Received: 19 September 2021 / Revised: 15 November 2021 / Accepted: 16 November 2021 / Published: 3 December 2021
The concept of ‘love jihad’ has typically been studied within the context of feminism, nationalism, or religion. However, a singular approach fails to recognize the interconnected impact that each of these has on the development of India’s security policies. This article analyzes how the archetype of the dangerous Muslim male is used to shape India’s securitization strategies. This paper argues that these policies reflect Hindu paranoia of decreasing dominance vis à vis Muslims. This will be explored within three contexts. First, it explores how the perceived threat of an increasing Muslim population shapes state-level and national policies. Second, it explores how the threat of love jihad has shaped India’s policies with its borders and neighboring countries. Third, it examines the international impact of the securitization of love jihad. This paper will demonstrate that at the foundation of these policies is a fear of Muslims strategizing to increase their population via intermarriage and migration. The perceived threat of love jihad has been increasingly utilized as a Hindutva campaign tactic to promote fear and create support for increased securitization policies both domestically and internationally. View Full-Text
Keywords: love jihad; securitization; South Asia; India love jihad; securitization; South Asia; India
MDPI and ACS Style

Malji, A.; Raza, S.T. The Securitization of Love Jihad. Religions 2021, 12, 1074.

AMA Style

Malji A, Raza ST. The Securitization of Love Jihad. Religions. 2021; 12(12):1074.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Malji, Andrea, and Syed T. Raza. 2021. "The Securitization of Love Jihad" Religions 12, no. 12: 1074.

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