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Article

Refashioning Kingship in Manipur in the 18th Century: The Politico-Religious Projects of Garibniwaz and Bhāgyacandra

Religious Studies Department, Manhattan College, New York, NY 10471, USA
Academic Editor: Caleb Simmons
Religions 2021, 12(12), 1041; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12121041
Received: 17 September 2021 / Revised: 2 November 2021 / Accepted: 14 November 2021 / Published: 24 November 2021
In the 18th century, Manipuri kings Garibniwaz and Bhāgyacandra sought to transform the indigenous religious landscape to absorb Vaiṣṇava beliefs and practices due to increasing contact with other Indian states and hostilities with Burma. Garibniwaz aligned himself with the Rāmānandī Vaiṣṇava tradition because he saw it as an effective way to increase his military prowess. He refashioned kingship to portray himself as a warrior king and a devotee of Rāmā. However, he met with resistance from other royal elites for oppressing the indigenous religious practices of Manipur. In contrast, Bhāgyacandra aligned himself with the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava tradition and established his sovereignty on the basis of being a devotee of Krishna and patron of the indigenous gods. By carefully curating a hybrid religious schema, he was able to refashion Manipur kingship for generations to come. I compare the two strategies of negotiating transculturation and sociopolitical transformation and show that the latter approach proved more successful in the long term because it allowed a more organic unification of religious and political factions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Manipur; kingship; Hindu; Vaiṣṇava; Meitei Manipur; kingship; Hindu; Vaiṣṇava; Meitei
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sebastian, R. Refashioning Kingship in Manipur in the 18th Century: The Politico-Religious Projects of Garibniwaz and Bhāgyacandra. Religions 2021, 12, 1041. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12121041

AMA Style

Sebastian R. Refashioning Kingship in Manipur in the 18th Century: The Politico-Religious Projects of Garibniwaz and Bhāgyacandra. Religions. 2021; 12(12):1041. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12121041

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sebastian, Rodney. 2021. "Refashioning Kingship in Manipur in the 18th Century: The Politico-Religious Projects of Garibniwaz and Bhāgyacandra" Religions 12, no. 12: 1041. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12121041

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