Next Article in Journal
Models and Methods for Confirmation Catechesis in Catholic Youth Ministry
Previous Article in Journal
Religious Values and Young People: Analysis of the Perception of Students from Secular and Religious Schools (Salesian Pedagogical Model)
Open AccessArticle

Hinduism, Ecological Conservation, and Public Health: What Are the Health Hazards for Religious Tourists at Hindu Temples?

1
Department of Tourism and Regional Studies, Pedagogical University of Cracow, 30-084 Cracow, Poland
2
Hainan University–Arizona State University Joint International Tourism College (HAITC), Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China
3
School of Hospitality and Tourism, Auckland University of Technology, 1010 Auckland, New Zealand
4
Department of Business Strategy and Policy, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2020, 11(8), 416; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11080416
Received: 15 July 2020 / Revised: 5 August 2020 / Accepted: 11 August 2020 / Published: 13 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religion, Ecological Conservation, and Public Health)
This exploratory ethnographic study aims to understand the visitation experience and to identify health hazards at pilgrimage sites in India. Specifically, this research aims to assess the tourism potential of holy Hindu temple sites located along well-known pilgrimage routes. During our fieldwork, we visited several of the most significant Hindu temples in India. Framed by a critical ethnography lens, our study used unstructured interviews with local stakeholders, as well as observations and reflexive notes. The findings revealed that most of the temples have serious safety, hygiene, accessibility, and environmental issues. A lack of action could lead to serious consequences for locals and tourists. For example, important for tourism, warnings of pandemics have been sounded over the years, and disease pandemics originating in India may only be a matter of time. We propose some immediate solutions and areas for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: ethnographic study; health hazards; heritage protection; Hindu temples; management implications; pilgrimage tourism; pilgrims’ safety; public health ethnographic study; health hazards; heritage protection; Hindu temples; management implications; pilgrimage tourism; pilgrims’ safety; public health
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Apollo, M.; Wengel, Y.; Schänzel, H.; Musa, G. Hinduism, Ecological Conservation, and Public Health: What Are the Health Hazards for Religious Tourists at Hindu Temples? Religions 2020, 11, 416.

AMA Style

Apollo M, Wengel Y, Schänzel H, Musa G. Hinduism, Ecological Conservation, and Public Health: What Are the Health Hazards for Religious Tourists at Hindu Temples? Religions. 2020; 11(8):416.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Apollo, Michal; Wengel, Yana; Schänzel, Heike; Musa, Ghazali. 2020. "Hinduism, Ecological Conservation, and Public Health: What Are the Health Hazards for Religious Tourists at Hindu Temples?" Religions 11, no. 8: 416.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop