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Cross-Cultural Values: A Meta-Analysis of Major Quantitative Studies in the Last Decade (2010–2020)

1
Department of Humanitarian and Disaster Leadership, School of Social Science and Education, Wheaton College, Wheaton, IL 60187, USA
2
Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy, IUPUI, Indianapolis, IN 46234, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The first and second authors contributed equally to this paper.
Religions 2020, 11(8), 396; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11080396
Received: 30 May 2020 / Revised: 30 June 2020 / Accepted: 9 July 2020 / Published: 31 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Understandings of Religiosity and Generosity)
Since 2010, scholars have made major contributions to cross-cultural research, especially regarding similarities and differences across world regions and countries in people’s values, beliefs, and morality. This paper accumulates and analyzes extant multi-national and quantitative studies of these facets of global culture. The paper begins with a summary of the modern history of cross-cultural research, then systematically reviews major empirical studies published since 2010, and next analyzes extant approaches to interpret how the constructs of belief, morality, and values have been theorized and operationalized. The analysis reveals that the field of cross-cultural studies remains dominated by Western approaches, especially studies developed and deployed from the United States and Western Europe. While numerous surveys have been translated and employed for data collection in countries beyond the U.S. and Western Europe, several countries remain under-studied, and the field lacks approaches that were developed within the countries of interest. The paper concludes by outlining future directions for the study of cross-cultural research. To progress from the colonialist past embedded within cross-cultural research, in which scholars from the U.S. and Western Europe export research tools to other world regions, the field needs to expand to include studies locally developed and deployed within more countries and world regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: cross-cultural values; beliefs; morality; World Values Survey; European Values Survey; Hofstede; Schwartz; GLOBE; Moral Foundations; Social Axioms; Survey of World Views cross-cultural values; beliefs; morality; World Values Survey; European Values Survey; Hofstede; Schwartz; GLOBE; Moral Foundations; Social Axioms; Survey of World Views
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MDPI and ACS Style

Goodwin, J.L.; Williams, A.L.; Snell Herzog, P. Cross-Cultural Values: A Meta-Analysis of Major Quantitative Studies in the Last Decade (2010–2020). Religions 2020, 11, 396. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11080396

AMA Style

Goodwin JL, Williams AL, Snell Herzog P. Cross-Cultural Values: A Meta-Analysis of Major Quantitative Studies in the Last Decade (2010–2020). Religions. 2020; 11(8):396. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11080396

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goodwin, Jamie L., Andrew L. Williams, and Patricia Snell Herzog. 2020. "Cross-Cultural Values: A Meta-Analysis of Major Quantitative Studies in the Last Decade (2010–2020)" Religions 11, no. 8: 396. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11080396

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