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Open AccessArticle

Was the Temple on Mount Gerizim Modelled after the Jerusalem Temple?

Faculty of Theology, University of Oslo, 0315 Oslo, Norway
Religions 2020, 11(2), 73; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11020073
Received: 5 December 2019 / Revised: 31 January 2020 / Accepted: 1 February 2020 / Published: 6 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exploring Samaritanism)
Was the Yahweh temple on Mount Gerizim modelled after the temple in Jerusalem? This question is important for our understanding of the sanctuary on Mount Gerizim and the people who worshipped there in the Persian and Hellenistic period; if the Gerizim temple was modelled after the Jerusalem temple, the argument in favour of the Gerizim cult as derived from the cult in Jerusalem is strengthened. On the other hand, if no such connection can be demonstrated convincingly, one must look elsewhere for the answer to the question of Samaritan origins. The present study gives a brief introduction to the relationship between early Judaism and early Samaritanism, or rather Southern and Northern Yahwism, followed by a presentation of Mount Gerizim and the excavations that were carried out there between 1982 and 2006. Finally, I shall turn to the theory that the temple on Mount Gerizim was modelled after the Jerusalem temple, which has been recast by Dr Yitzhak Magen (2008). I conclude that the archaeological remains from the Persian-period sanctuary on Mount Gerizim offer no evidence that this temple was modelled on the temple in Jerusalem. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mount Gerizim; temple; Jerusalem; early Samaritanism; early Judaism; Book of Ezekiel; Josephus Mount Gerizim; temple; Jerusalem; early Samaritanism; early Judaism; Book of Ezekiel; Josephus
MDPI and ACS Style

Gudme, A.K.H. Was the Temple on Mount Gerizim Modelled after the Jerusalem Temple? Religions 2020, 11, 73.

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