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Mental Health among Italian Nichiren Buddhists: Insights from a Cross-Sectional Exploratory Study

Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health (DINOGMI), Section of Psychiatry, Genoa University, 16132 Genoa, Italy
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Religions 2019, 10(5), 316; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10050316
Received: 14 February 2019 / Revised: 25 April 2019 / Accepted: 9 May 2019 / Published: 10 May 2019
Religiosity/spirituality is generally considered as a powerful tool for adjusting and coping with stressors, attributing purposes and meanings (either existential/philosophical, cognitive, or behavioral ones) to daily situations and contexts. While studies generally investigate these effects in Judaism and Christianity believers, there is a dearth of data concerning oriental religions. We sampled from Italian Nichiren Buddhists, the most widespread branch of Buddhism in Italy (n = 391). Participants were Buddhists on average since 5 years and self-defined moderate practitioners. Adaptive strategies exhibited higher scores than maladaptive ones. Specifically, the adaptive strategy of active coping positively correlated with self-evaluated degree of being a practicing Buddhist, as well as positive reframing and religion, while maladaptive strategies such as use of substances, venting and behavioral disengagement correlated negatively. Only the subscale of religion correlated significantly and positively with the time from which the participant had become Buddhist, while the use of emotional support correlated negatively. Most participants had a predominantly internal locus of control. External locus of control negatively correlated with time the participant became Buddhist and the self-reported degree of being a practicing Buddhist, whereas internal locus positively correlated only with the latter variable. Furthermore, Buddhist participants exhibited a low psychopathological profile when compared with the normative scores. View Full-Text
Keywords: buddhism; mental health; psychological well-being; locus of control; coping strategies; psychopathological profile buddhism; mental health; psychological well-being; locus of control; coping strategies; psychopathological profile
MDPI and ACS Style

Bragazzi, N.L.; Ballico, L.; Del Puente, G. Mental Health among Italian Nichiren Buddhists: Insights from a Cross-Sectional Exploratory Study. Religions 2019, 10, 316. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10050316

AMA Style

Bragazzi NL, Ballico L, Del Puente G. Mental Health among Italian Nichiren Buddhists: Insights from a Cross-Sectional Exploratory Study. Religions. 2019; 10(5):316. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10050316

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bragazzi, Nicola L.; Ballico, Lorenzo; Del Puente, Giovanni. 2019. "Mental Health among Italian Nichiren Buddhists: Insights from a Cross-Sectional Exploratory Study" Religions 10, no. 5: 316. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10050316

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