Next Article in Journal
Abolition Theology? Or, the Abolition of Theology? Towards a Negative Theology of Practice
Previous Article in Journal
Pilgrim Readers: Introducing Undergraduates to Dante’s Divine Comedy
Open AccessArticle

Stoic Theology: Revealing or Redundant?

1
MARETEC—LARSyS, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
2
School of International and Public Affairs, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th St, Miami, FL 33199, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2019, 10(3), 193; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10030193
Received: 12 February 2019 / Revised: 8 March 2019 / Accepted: 8 March 2019 / Published: 14 March 2019
With the notion of advancing a modern Stoic environmental ethical framework, we explore the philosophy’s call to “living according to Nature”, as derived from ancient Stoic theology. We do this by evaluating the orthodox (ancient) viewpoint and the contemporary criticisms levelled against it. We reflect on the atheistic interpretations of Stoicism and their associated call to “live according to the facts”. We consider the limitations that this call has when applied to societal, and particularly non-human matters. We do not undertake this research with the aim of determining which view of Stoic theology is right or wrong. However, we contest one of the assumptions of the heterodox approach, namely that the Stoic worldview is incompatible with modern scientific thinking. Indeed, we demonstrate how Stoic theology, far from being outdated or irrelevant, is actually refreshingly contemporary in that it provides the tools, scope and urgency with which to deliver a far more considerate ethical framework for the 21st century. Finally, we suggest where Stoic theology can help practitioners to reframe and respond to environmental challenges, which we argue forms part of their cosmopolitan obligation to take care of themselves, others and the Earth as a whole. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental ethics; climate change; nature; orthodox theology; pantheism; Stoicism; sustainable development; virtue ethics environmental ethics; climate change; nature; orthodox theology; pantheism; Stoicism; sustainable development; virtue ethics
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Whiting, K.; Konstantakos, L. Stoic Theology: Revealing or Redundant? Religions 2019, 10, 193.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop