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“A Desora Desperto y vio una Grand Claridat”: The Role of Dreams and Light in the Construction of a Multi-Confessional Audience of the Miracles of the Virgin of Guadalupe

Humanities Department, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 08005 Barcelona, Spain
Religions 2019, 10(12), 652; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10120652
Received: 31 August 2019 / Revised: 31 October 2019 / Accepted: 7 November 2019 / Published: 29 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mysticism and Spirituality in Medieval Spain)
This paper examines the religious proselytizing agenda of the order of Saint Jerome that ruled the Extremaduran sanctuary of the Virgin of Guadalupe since 1389. To this end, I analyze how the Hieronymite’s used literary motifs such as dreams and light in the codex of the Miracles of the Virgin of Guadalupe to create a multi-confessional audience for their collection of miracles. I contend that these motifs were chosen because they were key elements in the construction of a particular image of the Virgin that could appeal to pilgrims of different faiths. Through them, the Hieronymites evoked in the minds of Muslim pilgrims and Christian captives beyond the sea the imagery and rhetoric of Sufi devotional literature and Islamic hagiography, in order to create a vision of the Virgin that was able to compete with the more important Islamic devotional figures: the Prophet, Sufi masters and charismatic saints. Finally, I explore how the possible influence of North African devotional models, such as the Shadhiliyya order or the hagiography of the Tunisian saint, Aisha al-Manubiyya, suggests that the aims of the monastic authors of this Marian miracles collection went far beyond the conversion of Castilian Muslims, aiming at the transformation of the Extremaduran Marian sanctuary of Guadalupe into a Mediterranean devotional center. View Full-Text
Keywords: dreams; light; miracles; Virgin; religious proselytism; conversion; Sufism; Castile; North Africa; captives dreams; light; miracles; Virgin; religious proselytism; conversion; Sufism; Castile; North Africa; captives
MDPI and ACS Style

Valdés Sánchez, A. “A Desora Desperto y vio una Grand Claridat”: The Role of Dreams and Light in the Construction of a Multi-Confessional Audience of the Miracles of the Virgin of Guadalupe. Religions 2019, 10, 652.

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