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Participation of Pakistani Female Students in Physical Activities: Religious, Cultural, and Socioeconomic Factors

1
School of Sports Science and Physical Education, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
2
Research Institute of Educational Science, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2019, 10(11), 617; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10110617
Received: 16 October 2019 / Revised: 3 November 2019 / Accepted: 5 November 2019 / Published: 7 November 2019
In sports literature, women’s participation in physical activities has always been characterized as “problematic.” Muslim women’s participation is often considered to be limited by their culture and religion, which also affects their attitude toward physical activities. The purpose of this study is to explore the participation and perceived constraints of Pakistani female students in physical activities, using a feminism-in-sports approach. Semi-structured and informant-style interviews with female students from Larkana, Pakistan, were conducted. The results show that participants either do not practice or participate very little, due to the limitations of socioeconomic factors, religious values, and culture. By exploring the diverse ways in which 20 female students talk about their participation in sports activities, we provide different narratives for sports decision-makers (at the school and government level), parents, and community practitioners (political and religious) to consider and draw upon in their curriculum and policy design, as well as daily practices, to support women’s participation in sport activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: female students; women’s sports; Pakistan; perceived barriers; Islam female students; women’s sports; Pakistan; perceived barriers; Islam
MDPI and ACS Style

Laar, R.A.; Shi, S.; Ashraf, M.A. Participation of Pakistani Female Students in Physical Activities: Religious, Cultural, and Socioeconomic Factors. Religions 2019, 10, 617. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10110617

AMA Style

Laar RA, Shi S, Ashraf MA. Participation of Pakistani Female Students in Physical Activities: Religious, Cultural, and Socioeconomic Factors. Religions. 2019; 10(11):617. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10110617

Chicago/Turabian Style

Laar, Rizwan A., Shusheng Shi, and Muhammad A. Ashraf 2019. "Participation of Pakistani Female Students in Physical Activities: Religious, Cultural, and Socioeconomic Factors" Religions 10, no. 11: 617. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10110617

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