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Open AccessArticle

Multidimensionality of Spirituality: A Qualitative Study among Secular Individuals

1
Cluster of Excellence Religion and Politics/Sociology of Religion, University of Munster, 48143 Munster, Germany
2
Institute of Empirical Research on Religion, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2019, 10(11), 613; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10110613
Received: 28 August 2019 / Revised: 12 September 2019 / Accepted: 15 September 2019 / Published: 6 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research with the Centrality of Religiosity Scale (CRS))
This study examines the multidimensionality of spirituality by comparing the applicability of two models—the five-dimensional model of religiosity by Huber that we have extended with a sixth dimension of ethics and the three-dimensional spirituality model by Bucher. This qualitative study applied a semi-structured interview guideline of spirituality to a stratified sample of N = 48 secular individuals in Switzerland. To test these two models, frequency, valence, and contingency analysis of Mayring’s qualitative content analysis were used. It could be shown that Bucher’s three-dimensional model covers only about half of the spirituality codes in the interviews; it is especially applicable for implicit and salient spiritual aspects in general, as well as for spiritual experience in specific. In contrast, the extended six-dimensional model by Huber could be applied to almost all of the spirituality-relevant codes. Therefore, in principle, the scope of this six-dimensional model can be expanded to spirituality. The results are discussed in the context of future development of a multidimensional spirituality scale that is based on Huber’s Centrality of Religiosity by extending the religiosity concept to spirituality without mutually excluding these concepts from each other. View Full-Text
Keywords: spirituality; multidimensional model; Centrality of Religiosity; seculars; implicit spirituality spirituality; multidimensional model; Centrality of Religiosity; seculars; implicit spirituality
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Demmrich, S.; Huber, S. Multidimensionality of Spirituality: A Qualitative Study among Secular Individuals. Religions 2019, 10, 613.

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